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Waldsteinia fragarioides - (Michx.) Tratt.

Common Name Appalachian barren strawberry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 4-7
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats Moist or dry upland conifer forests, mixed hardwood and pine woodlands, thickets, clearings and fields.
Range Native to eastern North America, from Minnesota, Ontario, Quebec, and Maine south to Indiana and Pennsylvania and as far south as North Carolina in the mountains.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Waldsteinia fragarioides Appalachian barren strawberry

Waldsteinia fragarioides Appalachian barren strawberry


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Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Waldsteinia fragarioides is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.2 m (0ft 6in) by 3 m (9ft) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 5. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid and neutral soils and can grow in saline soils.
It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


W. fragarioides subsp. fragarioides. W. fragarioides var. fragarioides

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

None Known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Native American ethnobotany: The Iroquois take a compound decoction of the plants as a blood remedy, and apply a poultice of the smashed plants to snakebites (Herrick, JW, 1977, Iroquois Medical Botany, State University of New York, Albany, PhD Thesis,).

References   More on Medicinal Uses

The Bookshop: Edible Plant Books

Our Latest books on Perennial Plants For Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens in paperback or digital formats.

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PFAF have eight books available in paperback and digital media.
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Other Uses

Groundcover. A good medium to high density groundcover that will work in a dry or shady spot. Edging or Groundcover for the Perennial Border or Rock Garden. Woodland gardens. Andrenid bees (Andrena spp.) have been observed to visit the flowers for nectar and/or pollen; it is likely that other small bees and other small insects visit the flowers as well. It has been reported that White-tailed Deer avoid browsing on the foliage [1-6].

Special Uses

Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

An evergreen strawberry-like mat forming perennial wildflower. The fruit is neither fleshy nor edible at maturity. Prefers partial sunlight to light shade, more or less mesic (requiring a moderate amount of moisture) conditions, and soil containing rocky material, clay, loam, or humus. Will tolerate almost any well drained soil. The soil pH should be moderately acidic to neutral (5.5–7.0). This plant dislikes hot summer weather. Bloom Color: Yellow. Bloom Time: Apr to Jun. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a runner spreading indefinitely by rhizomes or stolons [1-2]. The root pattern is rhizomatous with underground stems sending roots and shoots along their length [1-2].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Clump Division , Seeds.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Barren strawberry

NORTHERN AMERICA: Canada (Québec (south), Ontario, New Brunswick), United States (Indiana (south), Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia, Connecticut (northwest), Minnesota (northeast), Missouri (s.-c.), Illinois (south), Wisconsin, Alabama, Arkansas (north-central), Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee (east))

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Not Listed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Waldsteinia ternataBarren StrawberryPerennial0.2 4-8 FLMHSNM003

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


Expert comment


(Michx.) Tratt.

Botanical References

Links / References

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