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Tabebuia rosea - (Bertol.) DC.

Common Name Apamate, Pink Poui, Pink Tecoma, Rosy Trumpet Tree
Family Bignoniaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Common in moist or rather dry forest, often in open fields or along roadsides, most abundant on the Pacific plains, but often on steep hillsides, at elevations up to 1,200 metres in Guatemala[331 ]. Coastal thickets in Dominica[362 ].
Range Northern S. America - Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela; north to the Caribbean and through Central America to Mexico.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Tabebuia rosea Apamate, Pink Poui, Pink Tecoma, Rosy Trumpet Tree

Alamus15 wikimedia.org
Tabebuia rosea Apamate, Pink Poui, Pink Tecoma, Rosy Trumpet Tree
Dinesh Valke from Thane, India wikimedia.org


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Tabebuia rosea or commonly known as Apamate or Rosy Trumpert Tree is a large, tropical tree growing up to 30 m in height. The leaves are compound. Other common names are Pink Poui and Roble de Sabana. It is the national tree of El Salvador. It has a spreading crown and an often buttressed, straight bole that can be up to 1 m in diameter. The flowers are large and pink and first occur after three years after planting. The bark can be gray or brown. Leaves are compound, composed of five leaflets each. The fruits, long and slender capsules, are not edible. T. rose is not cultivated for food. Otherwise, it functions as a shade tree in coffee and cocoa plantations. Medicinally, it is used for anemia, constipation, fevers, pain, and tonsillitis. The wood is moderately light and soft but makes an excellent timber. It is ideal for heavy construction, furniture, cabinet making, interior finish, boat building, carts, etc. Propagation of this plant is by woody stem cuttings, seeds sowing, and air layering.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Tabebuia rosea is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Bignonia pentaphylla L. Couralia rosea (Bertol.) Donn.Sm. Sparattosperma rosea (Bertol.) Miers Tabeb

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Antiinflammatory  Cancer  Diaphoretic  Febrifuge  Laxative  Malaria  Parasiticide

Bark used to eliminate intestinal parasites, malaria and uterine cancer. A decoction of the bark is recommended for anemia and constipation. A decoction of the flowers, leaves and roots has been used to reduce fevers and pain, cause sweating, to treat tonsil inflammation and various other disorders (Hernan Rodriguez Navas. 2007. La Utilidad de las Plantas Medicinales en Costa Rica. EUNA, Heredia, Costa Rica). Active phytochemicals in the tree include lapachol, a natural organic compound isolated from various other Tabebuia species. Chemically, it is a derivative of naphthoquinone, related to vitamin K.

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Furniture  Parasiticide  Wood

Agroforestry Uses: The tree is used to provide shade in coffee and cocoa plantations[362 ]. Other Uses The wood is a rather dull greyish brown with a fine striping of deep brown, often in a conspicuous pattern on the tangential surface[331 ]. It is without distinctive odour or taste; the grain is usually straight, but sometimes roey or wavy; the texture medium. The wood is moderately light and soft to rather hard and heavy; fairly durable. It is easy to work, finishes smoothly, seasons without difficulty. It is said that if the wood is cut green and stacked to dry, it acquires a dark colour, without losing its striping, and is then of different appearance from wood treated in the more usual manner[331 ]. An excellent timber, it is used for a great variety of purposes such as heavy construction; furniture and cabinetwork; interior finish; boat building; carts, and many other kinds of work[331 ]. A large part of the cheaper chairs of Central America are made from this wood[331 ].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

A plant of the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations from 100 - 1,200 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 - 30c, but can tolerate 17 - 34c[418 ]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,500 - 2,000mm, but tolerates 1,250 - 2,500mm[418 ]. Grows best in a sunny position[418 ]. Succeeds in most soils that are fertile[418 ]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 7, tolerating 4.5 - 8.5[418 ]. Requires a somewhat sheltered position because branches are easily broken by strong winds[303 , 418 ]. This species can sometimes be invasive[307 ]. Trees can commence flowering when only 3 years old from seed[362 ]. Annual wood production potential is 10 - 20 metric tonnes per hectare[418 ]. Flowering Time: Mid Spring Late Spring/Early Summer(early spring, mid spring, late spring). Bloom Color: Pale Pink Violet/Lavender White/Near White(red, pink, white). Spacing: 30-40 ft. (9-12 m).

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Plant Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe[200 ]. Germination usually takes place in 3 - 4 days[362 ]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood[200 ]. Air layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Broble, oaka.

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Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Belize; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of, Asia, Belize, Burma, Central America, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Africa, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicaragua, North America, Panama, SE Asia, Singapore, South America, Sri Lanka, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This species can sometimes be invasive[307 ].

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


Expert comment


(Bertol.) DC.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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