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Staphylea colchica - Stev.

Common Name Bladdernut
Family Staphyleaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forests to 1200 metres[74, 184].
Range W. Asia - S.W. Caucasus.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Staphylea colchica Bladdernut


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/%C3%85rhus
Staphylea colchica Bladdernut
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benutzer:Michael_w

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Staphylea colchica is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 6. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to November. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers  Oil
Edible Uses: Oil

Flower buds[74]. No further details are given.

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Purgative

Purgative[74].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Oil

An oil from the seed tastes like pistachio nuts but is purgative[74]. The report did not say if the oil had other uses.

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Tolerant of a wide range of soils so long as they are not too dry[182, 200], it prefers a rich loamy soil in full sun or semi-shade[1, 11, 200]. Prefers a neutral to acid soil but tolerates some alkalinity[202]. A very ornamental plant, it is hardy to about -20°c[184]. Fairly fast-growing when young, but slowing with age[202]. Flowers best in years that follow hot summers[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - this can be very slow to germinate, sometimes taking 18 months or more. It is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[200], and some of it at least should then germinate in the spring. Stored seed should be sown as early in the year as possible and given cold stratification - it might not germinate until spring of the following year. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out early the following summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Fair to good percentage[78]. Layering in July/August. Takes 15 months. Good percentage[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Euscaphis japonica Shrub3.5 -  LMHSNM11 
Staphylea bumalda Tree1.8 4-8  LMHSNM10 
Staphylea emodi Shrub3.5 8-11  LMHSNM002
Staphylea pinnataBladder NutShrub4.5 5-9  LMHSNM300
Staphylea trifoliaAmerican Bladder NutShrub4.0 4-8 MLMHSNM312

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

Stev.

Botanical References

1174200

Links / References

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