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Podocarpus neriifolius - D.Don

Common Name Oleander Podocarp, Brown Pine
Family Podocarpaceae
USDA hardiness 9-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats A subcanopy to occasional canopy tree in evergreen broadleaved forests[266 , 404 ]. Hill and montane forests[334 ]. Hot, humid forests, coastal and lowland swamp forests, on volcanic soils[307 ].
Range E. Asia - India, Sikkim, Nepal, Thailand, Laos, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Podocarpus neriifolius Oleander Podocarp, Brown Pine
Podocarpus neriifolius Oleander Podocarp, Brown Pine


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Podocarpus neriifolius or otherwise known as Brown Pine is a tropical evergreen tree native to Southeast Asia that grows up to 45 m tall and 100 cm across. It has a dome-shaped canopy, cylindrical and straight trunk, and is buttressed for up to 2 m high. It is a dioecious species. The bark is grey-brown, scaly, and cracked. The leaves taper to the tip and are oval in shape. Leaf decoction is used as remedy for rheumatism and arthritis. Fruit is eaten raw. The wood is of high quality and used for general carpentry, boat making, furniture, musical instruments, and many more. Plants can be grown from seeds, layers, or cuttings. Germination rate is slow and can take up to a year or more.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Podocarpus neriifolius is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 25 m (82ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Wind. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid and saline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Margbensonia neriifolia (D. Don) A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan Nageia discolor (Blume) Kuntze Nageia neglect


Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw[46 , 404 ]. The orange-red fruit is about 8 - 10 _ 5 - 8mm[266 ].


Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

A decoction of the leaves has been used as a treatment for rheumatism and arthritis[404 ]. The juice from the leaves is prepared as a remedy against maggot infested sores[404 ].


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Other Uses

Accent. Planter. Specimen. Screening. Topiary. Large Planter. Conservatory. Agroforestry Uses: Plants are tolerant of pruning and can be grown as a large screen[307 ]. Other Uses The heartwood is greyish yellow or pale brown to golden brown; it is often not clearly demarcated from the paler sapwood. It is fine and even-textured; close and straight-grained, lustrous. The wood is light in weight, fairly hard, not very durable when exposed but resistant to termites and insects. It is easy to saw, but softer boards show a tendency to crumble on end grain; it can be planed, shaped, turned, mortized, and sanded with good results and to a smooth finish; the results of boring are sometimes rated as moderate; generally the wood holds nails well, but large nails may cause some splitting; gluing, staining, varnishing and painting properties are stisfactory. A high quality timber, it is used for general carpentry, boat making, furniture, musical instruments, carvings etc[46 , 266 , 272 , 404 , 598 ]. The wood is pulped for making paper[266 ].

Special Uses


Cultivation details

Found in humid subtropical to tropical areas at elevations from around sea level up to 2,100 metres, though its optimum is between 900 - 1,500 metres[404 , 451 ]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,500 - 3,700mm with a uniformly distributed summer rain and up to 5 months of dry season. Optimal temperature range is 25 - 30°c with the coldest months having only between 8 - 24°c[404 ]. Prefers a position in full sun or bright shade[307 ]. Plants are shade tolerant, at least when young[200 , 404 ]. Succeeds in a range of soils, preferring fertile, slightly acid conditions[307 , 451 ]. Most species in this genus are tolerant of hard pruning, being able to regrow from old wood[200 ]. A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.


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Seed - generally slow to germinate, taking one year or more[200 ]. Seeds that have passed through the gut of an animal germinate faster[200 ]. Seeds have been known to germinate in the dense shade of a woodland[404 ]. Cuttings should include an erect lead shoot if a good form is required[200 ]. If side shoots are used, the resulting plant will be prostrate[200 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Djadjaruman, Lempega, Penejuak, Seluang, Sensarut, Plum pine, Sentada, Jati bukit, Taji, Wuluan, Handalaska, Ki bima, Ki malela, Ki panchar, Ki putri, Ki sereum, Sangching, Thitmin, Mounteak, Halis, Katbhaluka, Jinari, Dieng-sia-blei, Gunsi, Kherewal-tak, Thlang-phari, Dung kung, Welimada, Tu-far, brown pine, mountain teak.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

"Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; Fiji; India; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Solomon Islands; Thailand; Viet Nam "

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Least Concern

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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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