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Hibiscus tilliaceus - L.

Common Name Beach Hibiscus, Sea Hibiscus
Family Malvaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Coastal swamps; edges of mangrove swamps
Range Origin: Pantropical. native to coastal areas of Australia, South East Asia and the South Pacific
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Hibiscus tilliaceus Beach Hibiscus, Sea Hibiscus


Raffi Kojian Gardenology.org
Hibiscus tilliaceus Beach Hibiscus, Sea Hibiscus

 

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Summary

Suited to coastal environments as it tolerates salinity and waterlogging. Carbon Farming Solutions - Industrial Crop: biomass, fiber. Agroforestry Services: living fence, crop shade, living trellis.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Hibiscus tilliaceus is an evergreen Tree growing to 8 m (26ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry moist or wet soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Hibiscus boninensis Nakai. Hibiscus tiliifolius Salisb. Hibiscus circinnatus Willd.Hibiscus porophyllus Vell. Hibiscus tortuosus Roxb. Pariti boninense (Nakai) Nakai. Pariti tiliaceum (L.) A. St.-Hil. Paritium abutiloides (Willd.) G. Don. Paritium tiliaceum (L.) A. Juss.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers  Leaves
Edible Uses:

Young leaves and green bark eaten as a famine food. Leaves are eaten, femented into a sauce, used as a substrate for tempeh starter culture or boiled in salt water to form a beverage called Onge tea [183]. The flowers can be eaten as a potherb or dipped in batter and fried [183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


Flowers have laxative properties.

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Other Uses

Design: Seaside; Coastal screening; Shade tree; Coastal street tree; Low maintenance garden, Container growing, Flower garden, Sand stabilization; Xerophytic, Bonsai,. Polynesians have used the wood for outriggers and canoes. Green bark used for dance skirts, strainers for liquids, and for tapa bark cloth. Used for rope and fishing nets. A soft, heavy and porous wood used for fuel and net floats or corks. Living posts with cropping potential for the bark. Hedging. Beach erosion. Coastal rehabilitation. Carbon Farming Solutions - Industrial Crop: biomass, fiber (Crops grown for non-food uses. Industrial crops provide resources in three main categories: materials, chemicals, and energy. Traditional materials include lumber and thatch, paper and cardboard, and textiles) [1-1]. Agroforestry Services: living fence, crop shade, living trellis.

Cultivation details

Agroforestry Services: Crop shade  Agroforestry Services: Living fence  Agroforestry Services: Living trellis  Industrial Crop: Biomass  Industrial Crop: Fiber  Management: Coppice  Minor Global Crop

Climate: subtropical to tropical. Humidity: humid. Sea Hibiscus is suited to coastal environments. It tolerates salinity and waterlogging, and can grow in a variety of coastal sands and soils. pH Level: Acid, Neutral, Alkaline. Soil Type: Sandy, Loamy, Sandy loam. Light: Sunny, Light shade. Soil Moisture: Well-drained, Moist soil. Tolerates light frost. Found at elevations from sea level to 800m (2,600ft) in areas that receive 900–2,500mm (35–98in) of annual rainfall. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: minor global crop. Management: coppice (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1].

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seeds. Large cuttings

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Cotton Tree, Native Rosella

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Eastern and Northern Australia, Oceania, Maldives, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. Naturalized in Florida, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Possibly native to Hawaii.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Hibiscus acetosellaFalse Roselle, African rosemallow, Cranberry Hibiscus20
Hibiscus cannabinusKenaf, Brown Indianhemp22
Hibiscus diversifoliusSwamp Hibiscus21
Hibiscus heterophyllusNative Rosella20
Hibiscus moscheutosSwamp Rose Mallow, Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Wild Cotton, Common Rosemallow, Eastern Rosemallow, Swamp12
Hibiscus mutabilisCotton Rose, Dixie rosemallow22
Hibiscus radiatusMonarch Rosemallow. Ruby hibiscus, Clavelina21
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisChinese Hibiscus, Shoeblackplant, Hawaiian Hibiscus, Tropical Hibiscus, China Rose, Rose-of-China, S33
Hibiscus sabdariffaRoselle33
Hibiscus sinosyriacusRose Of Sharon42
Hibiscus syriacusRose Of Sharon, Althaea, Shrub Althea, Hardy Hibiscus42
Hibiscus trionumFlower Of An Hour21
Talipariti tiliaceumBeach Hibiscus, Sea Hibiscus, Cottontree, Mahoe32

 

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