Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Faidherbia albida - (Delile) A.Chev.

Common Name White Acacia. White-thorn. Apple ring acacia
Family Fabaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Banks of seasonal and perennial rivers and streams on sandy alluvial soils or on flat land where Vertisols predominate[303 ].
Range Africa, from South Africa north through eastern Africa to Sudan, Eritrea and on to Israel.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Faidherbia albida White Acacia. White-thorn. Apple ring acacia


botanicimage.com
Faidherbia albida White Acacia. White-thorn. Apple ring acacia
wikimedia.org Roger Culos

 

Translate this page:

Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Faidherbia albida is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 35 m (114ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Butterflies, Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
It can fix Nitrogen.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Acacia albida Delile Acacia gyrocarpa Hochst. ex A.Rich. Acacia leucophylla Link. Acacia mossambecensis Bolle. Acacia sassharata Benth.

Habitats

Edible Uses

The seeds are eaten by local people during the dry season[303 , 418 ]. They are eaten in times of shortage[774 ].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


The use of the bark and roots by local peoples is widespread[303 ]. They are astringent and febrifuge[774 ]. They are used, either externally or internally, as a treatment for respiratory infections, digestive disorders, haemorrhages, malaria and other fevers etc[303 , 774 ]. The bark is used to clean the teeth, as it is believed to contain fluorine. An extract is used to treat toothache[303 ].

Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available.

Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

Read More

Edible Shrubs Book

Other Uses

Agroforestry Uses: White acacia is a very good soil improver and stabilizer[303 ]. Its spreading root system offers excellent protection to the soil along the banks of watercourses. Bacteria on its roots fix atmospheric nitrogen, whilst it also sheds its leaves in the rainy season; therefore boosting the nutrient status of the soil for the new season?s crops[303 ]. The fact that the tree is leafless during the rainy season minimizes competition for sunlight with crops and protects them from birds until harvest time[303 ]. It is commonly intercropped with annual crops, especially pearl millet and groundnuts[299 ]. Yields of millet are much higher under a canopy of this tree; increases of 50 - 150% having been recorded. Results for sorghum, cotton, groundnut and maize are variable and either positive or negative, depending on the study. The effect may depend on soil fertility - when this is high, the tree competes with the crops[299 ]. The tree is maintained and protected on farms in order to shade coffee and to provide shade during the dry season[303 ]. The plant has been recommended for integration with maize as an alternative to Leucaena leucocephala[303 ]. Other Uses A gum arabic, called 'Gomme de Senegal', is obtained from the stems[46 ]. The bark is used to clean the teeth, as it is believed to contain fluorine[303 ]. The bark contains 20 - 28%f tannins[46 , 774 ]. The wood is burnt and used as a source of potash when making soap[299 , 774 ]. The heartwood is pale and creamy; the brown sapwood slightly paler than the heartwood. The wood is hard, of medium weight. It is susceptible to staining fungi and pinhole borer when green; therefore, it is left to soak for several months to remove sap and minimize attack by fungi, borers and termites. Even after the most careful seasoning, the boards tend to spring and twist one or two hours after they are sawn. The wood works fairly easily by hand, but a smooth finish is difficult to obtain. Care must be taken when nailing, bolting and joining. It is used to make utensils, handicrafts, canoes, furniture, boxes, drums and oil presses[299 , 303 ]. The wood is an excellent fuel[299 ]. The calorific value is estimated at 19.741 kJ/kg of dry wood[303 ]. It is used to make a high quality charcoal[299 ]. Charcoal yields are as low as 17%[303 ].

Cultivation details

Agroforestry Services: Nitrogen  Fodder: Bank  Fodder: Pod  Management: Standard  Other Systems: Evergreen ag  Other Systems: FMNR  Other Systems: Parkland  Regional Crop  Staple Crop: Balanced carb

White acacia succeeds from the tropical to warm temperate zones, thriving in climates that are characterized by long summers, or a dry season with long days[303 ]. It grows best in an altitude range of about 270 - 2,700 metres[303 ]. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 18 - 30?c[418 ]. It is intolerant of frost[325 ]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 400 - 1,000mm, but tolerates 250 - 1,200mm[418 ]. It has succeeded in areas with 1,800mm and, provided there is access to underground water, it can grow independent of rainfall, such as in the Namib Desert[325 ]. Requires a sunny position, growing best in a coarse-textured, well-drained alluvial soil[303 ]. It tolerates seasonal waterlogging and saline conditions, but cannot withstand heavy clayey soils[303 ]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 7, tolerating 5 - 7.5[418 ]. The tree has roots that can penetrate 40 metres into the soil to find groundwater and thus help it to withstand drought, even for periods of several years[418 , 774 ]. Observed production of seed by isolated trees is an indication that there is no strict self-incompatibility[303 ]. The plant has an 'inverted phenology' - it is deciduous during the wet season and produces its leaves in the dry season[303 ]. Initial top growth can be rather slow as the plant focuses on developing the tap root. One year old plants can be up to 80cm tall and up to 450cm tall by the time they are 5 years old[774 ]. On very good sites this can be increased, with trees up to 10.5 metres tall at the age of 7 years[774 ]. Plants commence flowering in about their seventh year and subsequent flowerings occur 1 - 2 months after the start of the dry season, lasting for up to 5 months[303 ]. The tree responds well to coppicing and regrowth is usually quite vigorous[303 , 774 ]. For bees, the tree has the advantage of producing its flowers at the end of the rains while most of the Sahelian species flower just before or during the rains. It therefore becomes their main source of pollen and nectar at this time[303 ]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[299 ].

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - germinates best, especially after storage, if it is pre-soaked in warm water for 24 hours prior to sowing. Germination rates of 40 - 60% can be expected within 6 - 30 days[303 ]. Mechanical scarification prior to sowing is reported to yield 95% germination within 8 days[303 ]. The seed is best sown in nursery beds or containers since direct seeding often leads to the high failure rate[303 ]. Seedlings quickly develop a deep taproot and so need to be planted out as quickly as possible - they are normally ready for planting out when 3 - 4 months old[325 , 774 ]. The seed should be removed from the pods immediately it is ripe, since it is usually invaded by larvae of Bruchid beetles[303 ]. When kept free of insects in simple closed containers, the seed can be stored successfully for several years[303 ]. Promising new vegetative propagation methods include cuttings, grafting and multiplication by root fragments[303 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Afrar, Ana tree, Anaboom, Apple ring acacia, Apple-ring thorn-tree, Betam-pale, Bioepi, Biongomo, Borassam-o, Borassanhe, Bubirique, Buladanelhe, Bule, Burle-danedjo, Busseu-uliba, Butchampele, Cad, Camude, Camudo, Djue, Ferida-branco, Gawo, Gozanga, Herero, Icuti, Karau, M'suango, Marrone, Msangumsangu, Mucesi, Munga-nunsyi, Munga, Musanga, Musenga, Mutsangu, Nsangu, Omue, Pau-ferida, Po-de-ferida-branco, Sipana-brabu, Sipina, Soango, Umpumbu, Ussimpulo, Winter thorn,

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Africa, Algeria, Angola, Asia, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central Africa, Chad, Congo DR, C?te d'Ivoire, Cyprus, East Africa, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guin?e, Guinea-Bissau, India, Iran, Israel, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, North Africa, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Peru, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, West Africa, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

(Delile) A.Chev.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

Readers comment

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Faidherbia albida  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.