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Euphorbia lactea - Haw.

Common Name Mottled Spurge
Family Euphorbiaceae
USDA hardiness 10-11
Known Hazards The sap contains a latex which is toxic on ingestion and highly irritant externally, causing photosensitive skin reactions and severe inflammation, especially on contact with eyes or open cuts. The toxicity can remain high even in dried plant material[200]. Prolonged and regular contact with the sap is inadvisable because of its carcinogenic nature[214]. Sharp spines.
Habitats Adapted to dry regions. Many tropical and sub-tropical areas world wide. Widely escaped from cultivation and in many places forming dense thickets.
Range Grows wild, in tropical Asia. Widely cultivated in west Indies, Florida and in many tropical areas world wide.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Euphorbia lactea Mottled Spurge


Frank Vincentz on Wikimedia.org
Euphorbia lactea Mottled Spurge
Frank Vincentz on Wikimedia.org

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Euphorbia lactea is an evergreen Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Euphorbia lactea Roxb. [Illegitimate]

Habitats

Edible Uses

All parts are poisonous: ingestion, dermatitis, or severe eye irritant. Symptoms include: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea when ingested; redness, swelling, blisters after some delay following contact with skin.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None Known

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Other Uses

Carbon Farming Solutions - Agroforestry Services: living fence (Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland). Pot plant. Indoor plant. A good specimen, hedge or container plant.

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

Cultivation details

Agroforestry Services: Living fence  Management: Coppice  Minor Global Crop

Climate: tropical. Humidity: arid to humid. Prefers areas of full sunlight and dry soil to moist well drained soil. Cannot tolerant wet soil. Full sun to part shade. Intolerant of frost. Hardy to hardy to 5°C. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: minor global crop. Management: coppice (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1].

Carbon Farming

  • Agroforestry Services: Living fence  Simply managed rows of shrubs and trees.
  • Management: Coppice  Cut to the ground repeatedly - resprouting vigorously. Non-destructive management systems maintaining the soil organic carbon.
  • Minor Global Crop  These crops are already grown or traded around the world, but on a smaller scale than the global perennial staple and industrial crops, The annual value of a minor global crop is under $1 billion US. Examples include shea, carob, Brazil nuts and fibers such as ramie and sisal.

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Euphorbia cuttings in Spring/Summer

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Candle-stick tree, False cactus, Mottled candle stick tree, African milk plant, Elkhorn, Frilled fan, Milkstripe euphorbia, Mottled candlestick, Milk striped euphorbia, Hat-rack-cactus, Hatrack cactus, Dragon bones, Candelabra spurge, Dragoon bones tree, Candelabra Cactus, Cactus Candelabre, Caper Spurge, Mottled spurge, Coral Cactus, Euphorbe lactée, Pokok sesudu, ??????? ????????, Lechero de lindero, Escambrón, Candelero, Cardon, Moteado, Marmoreuforbia

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Acalypha australisAsian copperleafAnnual0.5 0-0  LMHSNM01 
Alchornea castaneifoliaIporuruTree8.0 10-12 FLMHSNMWe042
Alchornea cordifoliaChristmas BushShrub8.0 10-12 MLMHNDMWe243
Aleurites cordataJapan Wood-Oil TreeTree7.0 9-11  LMSNM00 
Aleurites fordiiTung Tree, Tung Oil Tree, Wood Oil Tree ChinaTree7.0 8-10 FLMSNM13 
Aleurites moluccanusCandle Nut, Country WalnutTree20.0 10-12 FLMHNDM334
Caryodendron orinocenseTaccy Nut, Nuez de BarinasTree25.0 10-12 FLMHNM312
Chrozophora tinctoriaDyer's Croton, GiradolPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHSNM10 
Cnidoscolus aconitifoliusTree Spinach, Tread Softly, Cabbage Star, ChayaShrub5.0 9-11 FLMHSNM432
Cnidoscolus elasticusHighland chilteShrub1.0 9-11 FLMHNDM004
Croton lechleriSangre De Grado, Dragon's bloodTree12.0 10-12 FLMHNM041
Croton megalocarpusCroton treeTree25.0 10-12 FLMNM024
Croton palanostigmaSangre De Grado, Dragon's bloodTree12.0 10-12 FLMNM042
Croton salutarisSangre De Grado, Dragon's bloodTree12.0 10-12 FLMNM040
Croton tigliumCroton Oil Plant. Croton, Purging croton.Tree7.0 10-12 MLMHNDM032
Euphorbia abyssinicaCandelabra SpurgeTree7.5 10-12 MLMSND022
Euphorbia antisyphiliticaCandelillaShrub1.0 7-10  LMNDM203
Euphorbia corollataWild Spurge, Flowering spurgePerennial1.0 4-8  LMSNDM02 
Euphorbia drummondiiCaustic WeedAnnual0.2 -  LMNDM01 
Euphorbia esulaLeafy Spurge. Green spurgePerennial1.0 3-9 FLMHSNDM004
Euphorbia helioscopiaMadwoman's MilkAnnual0.4 -  LMNDM12 
Euphorbia hirtaAsthma Weed, Pill-Bearing SpurgeAnnual0.3 -  LMNDM13 
Euphorbia humifusa Annual0.2 -  LMNDM12 
Euphorbia intisyIntisy, Pencil PlantShrub5.0 10-12 FLMSND003
Euphorbia ipecacuanhaeAmerican Ipec 0.0 -  LMHSNM01 
Euphorbia lathyrisCaper Spurge, MoleplantAnnual/Biennial1.0 5-9  LMHSNDM12 
Euphorbia marginataMountain Snow, Ghost Spurge, Ghost WeedAnnual0.6 4-8 FLMNDM110
Euphorbia neriifoliaFleshy spurge, Hedge Euphorbia, Oleander spurgeShrub4.0 10-12 FLMSND222
Euphorbia pekinensisDa JiPerennial0.6 -  LMNDM03 
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