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Artocarpus camansi - Blanco

Common Name Breadnut, Kamansi
Family Moraceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Alluvial forests in lowland areas, it is one of the first species to appear on the tops of frequently flooded banks of rivers[ 303 ].
Range Southeast Asia - Indonesia to Papua New Guinea.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Artocarpus camansi Breadnut, Kamansi

Artocarpus camansi Breadnut, Kamansi
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Native to Papua New Guinea, Breadnut or Artocarpus camansi is a medium-sized tropical tree that can now be found in Africa, Asia, Central Africa, Congo and Costa Rica. It has a spreading crown at it can grow up to at least 10 meters tall and 100 cm in trunk diameter. It is a monoecious plant. Its fruit is globular, with about 12 to 150 seeds per fruit. The greenish-yellow fruit is usually consumed and cooked when immature - either boiled or roasted. It is nutritious and has sweet aroma and taste. The seeds can be roasted, canned, or processed into paste, butter, flour or oil. Breadnut has large leaves that can serve as soil mulch. Sticky, white, milky latex is present in all parts of the tree. The male flowers can be dried and used as mosquito repellent. The wood is light, flexible, fast burning, and can be used for fuel. Other common names include chataigne, casta?a, pana de pepita, kamansi, and kapiak. Other names: Castana, Chataigner, Kapiak, Dulugian, Kolo, Pakau, Ugod, Kelur, Kulor, Kulur, Kuror, Mei kakano, Pana de pepitas.

Physical Characteristics

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Artocarpus camansi is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10. The flowers are pollinated by Bees.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


No synonyms are recorded for this name.

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Oil  Seed
Edible Uses: Oil

Fruit - usually cooked[ 303 ]. A sweet aroma and taste[ 303 ]. The fruits are nutritious and usually consumed when immature; thinly sliced and boiled as a vegetable in soups or stews[ 303 ]. The greenish-yellow, oval or ovoid fruit is 7 - 12cm in diameter and weighs about 800g[ 303 ]. Seed - cooked[ 303 ]. When roasted they are similar to chestnuts in texture and flavour. They can be canned in brine, or processed into nut butter or nut paste, flour, or oil[ 303 ]. The seeds are high in protein and relatively low in fat compared to nuts such as almond, Brazil nut, and macadamia nut; they are a good source of minerals and contain more niacin than most other nuts[ 303 ]. The seeds are about 25mm long, with from 12 - 150 seeds per fruit, each seed weighing 7 - 10g and, in total, comprising 30 - 50% or more of the total fruit weight[ 303 ].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

No specific medicinal uses are reported for this species, but it tree probably has medicinal properties similar to the breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis)[ 303 ].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Fuel  Insecticide  Latex  Mulch  Oil  Plant support  Soil stabilization  Wood

Other uses rating: Medium (3/5). Agroforestry Uses: Breadnut can be interplanted with a wide range of crops and plants, such as yam, banana (Musa spp.), coconut (Cocos nucifera), sugarcane, medicinal plants, aroids, ginger, Indian mulberry (Morinda citrifolia, noni), small fruit trees, and field and vegetable crops such as corn, beans, peanut, tomato, and eggplant[ 303 ]. The large leaves of breadnut provide abundant mulch for the tree and other plants growing beneath the canopy[ 303 ]. Breadnut naturally occurs on frequently flooded river banks, where it helps to stabilize the soil[ 303 ]. The tree is planted in home gardens to provide beneficial shade to other plants. It could also be used as a trellis tree for yam (Dioscorea species)[ 303 ]. Other Uses A sticky, white, milky latex is present in all parts of the tree[ 303 ]. Dried male flowers can be burned to repel mosquitoes and other flying insects[ 303 ]. The wood is light in weight, flexible, and easy to work and carve[ 303 ] It is made into statues, bowls, fishing floats, and other objects[ 303 ]. The wood is fast burning, but generally only older, less productive trees are used for fuel[ 303 ].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming  Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Management: Standard  Minor Global Crop  Other Systems: Homegarden  Other Systems: Multistrata  Staple Crop: Balanced carb

A plant of low to moderate elevations in the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations from sea level to 1,550 metres[ 303 ]. It grows best in areas where the mean maximum temperature of the hottest month is no more than 32 - 38c and the mean minimum temperature of the coolest month is no less than 16 - 18c[ 303 ]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,300 - 3,800mm with no distinct dry season[ 303 ]. Established plants can grow in full sun, but young plants need 20 - 50% shade[ 303 ]. Grows best in a deep, light, fertile, well drained soil[ 303 ]. Prefers a pH in the range 6.1 - 7.4[ 303 ]. Plants can tolerate waterlogged soils and also periodic inundation of the soil for brief periods[ 303 ]. Plants can withstand strong winds and will re-sprout after sustaining wind damage[ 303 ]. Once established, breadnut trees can withstand a dry season of 3 - 4 months, although they prefer moist conditions. A moderately fast growing tree[ 303 ]. Trees can start producing fruit when 8 - 10 years old[ 303 ]. The tree has a shallow-rooting system, with roots often growing along the ground[ 303 ]. Trees can produce 600-800 fruits in a season.

Carbon Farming

  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Minor Global Crop  These crops are already grown or traded around the world, but on a smaller scale than the global perennial staple and industrial crops, The annual value of a minor global crop is under $1 billion US. Examples include shea, carob, Brazil nuts and fibers such as ramie and sisal.
  • Other Systems: Homegarden  Tropical multistrata agroforestry (multi-story combinations of trees, crops, domestic animals in the homestead).
  • Other Systems: Multistrata  Multistrata agroforests feature multiple layers of trees often with herbaceous perennials, annual crops, and livestock.
  • Staple Crop: Balanced carb  (0-15 percent protein, 0-15 percent oil, with at least one over 5 percent). The carbohydrates are from either starch or sugar. Annuals include maize, wheat, rice, and potato. Perennials include chestnuts, carob, perennial fruits, nuts, cereals, pseudocereals, woody pods, and acorns.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

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Plant Propagation

Seed - it has a very short viability and needs to be sown as soon as it is ripe[ 303 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Breadnut or Artocarpus camansi. Other common names include chataigne, casta–a, pana de pepita, kamansi, and kapiak. Other names: Castana, Chataigner, Kapiak, Dulugian, Kolo, Pakau, Ugod, Kelur, Kulor, Kulur, Kuror, Mei kakano, Pana de pepitas.

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Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Found in: Africa, Asia, Central Africa, Central America, Congo, Costa Rica, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pacific, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Philippines, Puerto Rico, SE Asia.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Artocarpus altilisBreadfruitTree18.0 10-12 FLMHNM544
Artocarpus heterophyllusJackfruitTree15.0 10-12 FLMHSNM523
Artocarpus integerChampedakTree20.0 11-12 SLMHNM403
Artocarpus mariannensisSeeded breadfruit, Marianas breadTree15.0 10-12 FLMSNM434
Artocarpus odoratissimusMarang, TerapTree25.0 10-12 MLMHNM400

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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