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Afraegle paniculata - (Schumach. & Thonn.) Engl.

Common Name Nigerian Powder-Flask Fruit. African afraegle
Family Rutaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Lowland secondary thickets and fringes of the dense forest[332 ]. Savannah, (rarely) dry forest and edges; gallery forest; secondary thickets on coastal plains at elevations up to 500 metres[328 ].
Range West tropical Africa - Senegal to Nigeria.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Afraegle paniculata Nigerian Powder-Flask Fruit. African afraegle

Marco Schmidt
Afraegle paniculata Nigerian Powder-Flask Fruit. African afraegle


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Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Afraegle paniculata is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Aegle barteri Hook.f. ex Oliv. Balsamocitrus paniculata (Schumach. & Thonn.) Swingle Citrus paniculata Schumach. & Thonn. Limonia warneckei Engl.


Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Seed
Edible Uses:

The seeds are said to yield an edible oil[319 ]. Leaves - cooked[617 ]. The leaves are only used rarely[617 ]. The globose or obovoid fruit is as large as a big orange (6 - 8cm in diameter when mature), wrinkled on the surface, without odorous glands[319 ]. This report does not say that the fruit is edible[K ].


Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

The plant has a range of medicinal uses[332 ].


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Other Uses

Agroforestry Uses: This species is being tested as a rootstock for the bael fruit, Aegle marmelos, a species which often does not grow well on its own roots[319 ]. Other Uses The leaves are sometimes macerated and added to the water used for bathing[319 ]. The wood is used to make household, domestic and personal items[332 ].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming


Cultivation details

Industrial Crop: Glue  Management: Standard  Regional Crop  Staple Crop: Oil

In the quasi-tropical coastal region near Miami, Florida, which has an unusual type of soil consisting largely of porous-limestone rock intermingled with fine sand or very sandy loam, this species, when well fertilized, makes extraordinary growth - a specimen growing near Coconut Grove, when only four or five years old and only 1.6 - 1.8 metres tall, had a lateral spread of 4.5 - 6 metres[319 ]. As it grew older, it became much taller but still had long branches[319 ].

Carbon Farming

  • Industrial Crop: Glue  Plants used to make glue products.
  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Regional Crop  These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally but have not been adopted elsewhere and are typically not traded globally, Examples in this broad category include perennial cottons and many nuts and staple fruits.
  • Staple Crop: Oil  (0-15 percent protein, 16+ percent oil). Some of these are consumed whole while others are exclusively pressed for oil. Annuals include canola, poppyseed, maize, cottonseed, sunflower, peanut. Perennials include high-oil fruits, seeds, and nuts, such as olive, coconut, avocado, oil palm, shea, pecan, and macadamia. Some perennial oil crops are consumed whole as fruits and nuts, while others are exclusively pressed for oil (and some are used fresh and for oil).


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Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Bonquete-cunhide, Boranabo, Citron d'éléphant, Cursadje, Cursam-o

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Africa, Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Guinée, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo, Gold Coast, West Africa

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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(Schumach. & Thonn.) Engl.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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Subject : Afraegle paniculata  
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