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Terminalia kaernbachii - Warb.

Common Name Okari Nut
Family Combretaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Scattered, but sometimes common, in lowland rainforest and riverine forest, at elevations up to 1,000 metres[303 ].
Range E. Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea to the Solomon Islands.
Edibility Rating    (5 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Terminalia kaernbachii Okari Nut

Forest and Kim Starr flickr.com
Terminalia kaernbachii Okari Nut


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Terminalia kaernbachii or also known as Okari Nut is a large and deciduous tree, about 30 m high, with a spreading crown. Its bole is straight, cylindrical, and often buttressed. The leaves are large, hairy, yellow green when young and become reddish brown upon maturity. The flowers occur on spikes. A fast-growing tree commonly found in East Asia, it has edible seed which can be eaten raw, roasted, or baked. The seeds contain oil. The red, fleshy, and ellipsoidal fruits are edible as well. Okari nut is of no medicinal importance. The wood is sometimes used for furniture and construction. Plant is grown from seeds.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Terminalia kaernbachii is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Terminalia okari C.T.White


Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Oil  Seed
Edible Uses: Oil

Seed - raw or cooked[46 , 301 ]. The seed has an excellent, mild, almond-like flavour, it can be eaten raw, roasted or baked[301 ]. The flavour is improved by roasting it lightly with salt[301 ]. The palatable kernels are the largest known in this plant family, they can be up to 7 - 8cm long, 3 - 4cm wide, and can weigh from 1.5 - 10g each[303 , 324 , 658 ]. The seed contains up to 50% of a sweet, colourless, non-drying oil[324 , 658 ]. It is the source of a vegetable butter[301 ]. Fruit[451 ]. The red, fleshy, ellipsoid fruit can be 60 - 175mm long, 40 - 80mm wide and 35 - 60mm thick[451 ].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Furniture  Oil  Wood

Other Uses: The wood is moderately hard, inclined to be brittle[451 ]. It is sometimes used for timber in furniture construction, but is seldom logged as it is excluded from timber purchases because of the value of its seed[303 , 701 ].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming  Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Management: Standard  Regional Crop  Staple Crop: Protein-oil

A plant of the tropical lowlands, where it is found at elevations up to 1,000 metres[335 ]. Plants can be found at elevations up to 1,300 metres, but do not fruit well at these higher elevations[658 ]. Succeeds in any moderately fertile, well-drained soil in a sunny position[200 ]. A fast-growing tree when young, able to increase height by up to 2 metres a year[658 ]. Trees take many years to come into full bearing from seed, even when 20 years old they usually only produce small crops[658 ]. Seeds are harvested after they fall to the ground[658 ]. The plant often crops poorly when close to the sea, but can produce good crops when growing inland. It is tolerant of poorly drained soils and grows in areas with a wide range of annual rainfall (2000-7000 mm) but is less common in regions where rainfall exceeds 7000 mm per year. The production of nuts occurs regularly throughout the year and is independent of rainfall seasonality [1-8].

Carbon Farming

  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Regional Crop  These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally but have not been adopted elsewhere and are typically not traded globally, Examples in this broad category include perennial cottons and many nuts and staple fruits.
  • Staple Crop: Protein-oil  (16+ percent protein, 16+ percent oil). Annuals include soybeans, peanuts, sunflower seeds. Perennials include seeds, beans, nuts, and fruits such as almond, Brazil nut, pistachio, walnut, hazel, and safou.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

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Seed - germinates freely when fresh, but quickly loses its viability[303 , 658 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Talia lavata, Alita fasia, Tatalise, Hogolo, Ghaghimanga, Talise, Manavasa, Naklise, Nyiga,

Native Plant Search

Search over 900 plants ideal for food forests and permaculture gardens. Filter to search native plants to your area. The plants selected are the plants in our book 'Plants For Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens, as well as plants chosen for our forthcoming related books for Tropical/Hot Wet Climates and Mediterranean/Hot Dry Climates. Native Plant Search

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Papua New Guinea; Indonesia; Solomon Islands, Asia, Australia, Hawaii, Indonesia, North America, Pacific, PNG, Philippines, SE Asia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, USA,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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