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Sciadopitys verticillata - (Thunb.)Siebold.&Zucc.

Common Name Umbrella Pine, Japanese Umbrella Pine
Family Sciadoptyaceae
USDA hardiness 5-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Mountains[58].
Range E. Asia - S. Japan.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Sciadopitys verticillata Umbrella Pine, Japanese Umbrella Pine
Sciadopitys verticillata Umbrella Pine, Japanese Umbrella Pine


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Form: Pyramidal.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Sciadopitys verticillata is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in leaf all year, in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from October to November. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map



Woodland Garden Canopy; Bog Garden;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Oil
Edible Uses: Oil

None known


Medicinal Uses

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None known


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Other Uses

Dye  Oil  Varnish  Wood

An oil obtained from the wood is used for varnishes and dyes[61]. Wood - soft, elastic, water-resistant. Used for boats etc[46, 61].

Special Uses


Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Pest tolerant, Screen, Specimen. Prefers a good loamy soil[11]. Grows well near water, tolerating a wet site[81]. Thrives in all conditions except limey soils[81]. It prefers a pH in the range of 4 to 6, and although it will grow at pH 7 or above it becomes chlorotic[200]. Tolerates some shade but prefers an open position in full sun[81]. Dislikes cold or violent winds[1]. Grows best in mild damp areas with warm humid summers[200]. A very hardy plant[11], tolerating temperatures down to about -30°c when it is fully dormant[200]. A slow-growing tree when very young[11, 81]. Some trees have grown slowly but generally they are of moderate growth in Britain, often averaging 30cm a year and increasing their girth by 2.5cm a year[185]. The cones ripen over a period of 2 years[188]. There are two forms of this species, one is shrub-like whilst the other is a tall-growing tree[11]. Plants should be put into their permanent positions as soon as possible in order for them to develop a good root system, plants more than 1 metre tall check badly for a number of years[200]. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features: Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.


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Seed - requires 3 months cold stratification and so it can be sown in a cold frame either as soon as it is ripe in the autumn or in January[113]. Only cover the seed lightly and place the pot in a sunny position[113]. The seed can be difficult to germinate[81]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. The seedlings are very slow-growing and take about 3 years to reach 30cm tall[113] so be sure to mulch them well and perhaps give them some protection such as a tree guard made from a plastic bottle with its top and bottom removed[K].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Botanical References


Links / References

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Readers comment

Henry Ettinghausen   Mon Oct 29 2007

How can one limit the size of an umbrella pine tree from first planting? Can one do so by planting in a strong container?

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Subject : Sciadopitys verticillata  
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