Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Populus hybrids - Various

Common Name Hybrid poplar
Family Salicaceae
USDA hardiness 2-10
Known Hazards See individual species.
Habitats
Range Origin: N. Temperate. Widely distributed throughout the northern temperate regions, ranging from North America through Eurasia and northern Africa.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Populus hybrids Hybrid poplar


Populus hybrids Hybrid poplar

 

Translate this page:

Summary

A genus of 25–35 species of deciduous flowering plants in the family Salicaceae, also known as the common names Aspen, Poplar, Cottonwoods. A large genetic diversity, and can grow from 15–50m (49–164 ft) tall. Poplars are rapid-growing but relatively short-lived trees. widely distributed throughout the northern temperate regions, ranging from North America through Eurasia and northern Africa. Like willows (Salix spp.), their close relatives, poplars are known for fast growth and rapid biomass accumulation. Most coppice well and are easy to propagate from cuttings.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Populus hybrids is a TREE growing to 50 m (164ft) by 30 m (98ft) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 3. The flowers are pollinated by Wind.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid, very alkaline and saline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Many. See individual species.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Inner bark  Leaves  Seed
Edible Uses: Tea

Leaves are rich in protein and have a greater amino-acid content than wheat, corn, rice and barley[226]. Carbon Farming Solutions - Staple Crop: protein (The term staple crop typically refers to a food that is eaten routinely and accounts for a dominant part of people's diets in a particular region of the world) [1-1].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Antiinflammatory  Antirheumatic  Antiscorbutic  Antiseptic  Antitussive  Cathartic  Diuretic  Expectorant  
Febrifuge  Ophthalmic  Skin  Stimulant  Tonic

Some. See individual species. For example Balsam poplar has a long history of medicinal use. It was valued by several native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a variety of complaints, but especially to treat skin problems and lung ailments[257]. In modern herbalism it is valued as an expectorant and antiseptic tonic. The leaf buds are antiscorbutic, antiseptic, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant, tonic[4, 46, 61, 165, 172]. The leaf buds are covered with a resinous sap that has a strong turpentine odour and a bitter taste[213].They are boiled in order to separate the resin and the resin is then dissolved in alcohol[222]. The resin is a folk remedy, used as a salve and wash for sores, rheumatism, wounds etc[222, 257]. It is made into a tea and used as a wash for sprains, inflammation, muscle pains etc[222]. Internally, the tea is used in the treatment of lung ailments and coughs[222]. The buds can also be put in hot water and used as an inhalant to relieve congested nasal passages[213]. The bark is cathartic and tonic[4]. Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the bark of most, if not all members of the genus contain salicin, a glycoside that probably decomposes into salicylic acid (aspirin) in the body[213, 238]. The bark is therefore anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge. It is used especially in treating rheumatism and fevers, and also to relieve the pain of menstrual cramps[238]. A tea made from the inner bark is used as an eye wash and in the treatment of scurvy[222].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Biomass  Fodder  Plant support  Resin  Shelterbelt

Like willows (Salix spp.), their close relatives, poplars are known for fast growth and rapid biomass accumulation. Most coppice well and are easy to propagate from cuttings [1-1]. Carbon Farming Solutions - Industrial Crop: biomass (Crops grown for non-food uses. Industrial crops provide resources in three main categories: materials, chemicals, and energy. Traditional materials include lumber and thatch, paper and cardboard, and textiles) [1-1]. Agroforestry Services: windbreak, living trellis (Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland). Fodder: bank. Other Systems: SRC, irreg. intercrop, strip intercrop. Commonly grown as windbreaks. Intercropped with annuals across northern China. In Italy they are pruned to be living trellises for grape growth.

Special Uses

Carbon Farming  Coppice  Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Agroforestry Services: Living trellis  Agroforestry Services: Windbreak  Fodder: Bank  Global Crop  Industrial Crop: Biomass  Management: Coppice  Management: Standard  Other Systems: Irreg. Intercrop  Other Systems: SRC  Other Systems: Strip intercrop  Staple Crop: Protein

Climate: boreal to warm temperate. Humidity: semi-arid to humid. Native to much of the northern temerate region and thrive from boreal through warm temperate climates as well as tropical highlands. Some are adapted to semi-arid sites although most prefer humid conditions [1-1]. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: global crop. Management: standard, coppice (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1].

Carbon Farming

  • Agroforestry Services: Living trellis  Plants to physically support other crops.
  • Agroforestry Services: Windbreak  Linear plantings of trees and shrubs designed to enhance crop production, protect people and livestock and benefit soil and water conservation.
  • Fodder: Bank  Fodder banks are plantings of high-quality fodder species. Their goal is to maintain healthy productive animals. They can be utilized all year, but are designed to bridge the forage scarcity of annual dry seasons. Fodder bank plants are usually trees or shrubs, and often legumes. The relatively deep roots of these woody perennials allow them to reach soil nutrients and moisture not available to grasses and herbaceous plants.
  • Global Crop  These crops are already grown or traded around the world. The annual value of each is more than $1 billion US Examples include coconuts, almonds, and bananas.
  • Industrial Crop: Biomass  Three broad categories: bamboos, resprouting woody plants, and giant grasses. uses include: protein, materials (paper, building materials, fibers, biochar etc.), chemicals (biobased chemicals), energy - biofuels
  • Management: Coppice  Cut to the ground repeatedly - resprouting vigorously. Non-destructive management systems maintaining the soil organic carbon.
  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Other Systems: Irreg. Intercrop  Irregular intercropping systems are trees scattered throughout cropland.
  • Other Systems: SRC  Short-rotation coppice.
  • Other Systems: Strip intercrop  Tree crops grown in rows with alternating annual crops.
  • Staple Crop: Protein  (16+ percent protein, 0-15 percent oil). Annuals include beans, chickpeas, lentils, cowpeas, and pigeon peas. Perennials include perennial beans, nuts, leaf protein concentrates, and edible milks.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed. Cuttings

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Aspen, Poplar, Cottonwoods,

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Widely distributed throughout the northern temperate regions, ranging from North America through Eurasia and northern Africa.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Populus albaWhite PoplarTree20.0 3-9 FLMHNDM123
Populus angustifoliaNarrowleaf CottonwoodTree30.0 3-7 FLMHNM122
Populus 'Balsam Spire'Tacatricho 32Tree30.0 4-8 FLMHNM032
Populus balsamiferaBalsam Poplar, Black cottonwoodTree30.0 0-0 FLMHNM133
Populus ciliataHimalayan PoplarTree20.0 0-0 FLMHNM022
Populus deltoidesEastern Cottonwood, Plains cottonwood, Rio Grande cottonwood, Necklace PoplarTree30.0 3-9 FLMHNM224
Populus deltoides moniliferaPlains CottonwoodTree30.0 0-0 FLMHNM123
Populus deltoides wislizeniiRio Grande CottonwoodTree30.0 0-0 FLMHNM213
Populus euphratica Tree15.0 0-0 FLMHNMWe013
Populus fremontiiCottonwood, Fremont cottonwood, Fremont Poplar, Western CottonwoodTree25.0 2-9 FLMHNDM123
Populus grandidentataCanadian Aspen, Bigtooth aspenTree20.0 2-5 FLMHNM112
Populus heterophyllaSwamp CottonwoodTree25.0 0-0 FLMHNM012
Populus maximowicziiDoronoki, Japanese poplarTree30.0 4-8 FLMHNM012
Populus nigraBlack Poplar, Lombardy poplarTree30.0 3-9 FLMHNM134
Populus pseudosimonii Tree20.0 0-0  LMHNM112
Populus sieboldiiJapanese AspenTree20.0 4-8 FLMHNM112
Populus simoniiSimon poplar, Chinese PoplarTree30.0 2-5 FLMHNM112
Populus tremulaAspen Poplar, European aspen, AspenTree18.0 2-5 FLMHSNMWe123
Populus tremuloidesAmerican Aspen - Poplar, Quaking aspenTree20.0 2-5 FLMHNDM133
Populus trichocarpaWestern Balsam Poplar, Black cottonwoodTree40.0 4-8 FLMHNM134
Populus x canadensisCanadian Poplar, Carolina PoplarTree40.0 4-9 FLMHNM013
Populus x canescensGrey PoplarTree30.0 4-9 FLMHNM012
Populus x jackiiBalm Of GileadTree30.0 0-0 FLMHNM032

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

Various

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Populus hybrids  
© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.
Web Design & Management