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Phoenix canariensis - Chabaud

Common Name Canary Island Date Palm
Family Arecaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards Spines or sharp edges
Habitats Found at elevations from sea level to 1,200m in a range of habitats, from humid areas just below cloud forest to semi-arid areas where its presence usually indicates groundwater.
Range Endemic to the Canary Islands found at elevations from sea level to 1,200m. This palm is naturalised across the world through its use as an ornamental plant.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Half Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Phoenix canariensis Canary Island Date Palm

Phoenix canariensis Canary Island Date Palm
Frank Vincentz wikimedia.org


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Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Phoenix canariensis is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a slow rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 9.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Phoenix canariensis var. porphyrococca Vasc. & Franco. Phoenix cycadifolia Regel. Phoenix dactylifera var. jubae Webb & Berthel. Phoenix erecta Sauv. [Invalid]. Phoenix jubae (Webb & Berthel.) Webb ex Christ. Phoenix macrocarpa Sauv. [Invalid]. Phoenix tenuis Verschaff. [Invalid]. Phoenix vigieri Naudin.

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers  Fruit
Edible Uses: Sweetener

Edible Portion: Fruit, Sap. Fruit weigh 1.7 g. The fruit are reported to have an edible outer pericarp. The fruit are orange, 2 cm long and 1 cm diameter, with a large seed; the fruit pulp when ripe (solid black) is edible, but usually too thin to be worth eating. They are a famine food. Inflorescence buds are tapped for the sweet sap which is eaten as syrup or palm honey. Carbon Farming Solutions - Staple Crop: sugar (The term staple crop typically refers to a food that is eaten routinely and accounts for a dominant part of people's diets in a particular region of the world) [1-1].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None Known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Basketry  Fencing  Fibre  Thatching  Weaving

A very ornamental tree - it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The leaflets are used in much the same way as those of P. dactylifera for a range of woven products including crosses for Palm Sunday celebrations.

Special Uses

Carbon Farming  Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Management: Standard  Regional Crop  Staple Crop: Sugar

Climate: Mediterranean. Humidity: semi-arid. Found at elevations from sea level to 1,200m in a range of habitats, from humid areas just below cloud forest to semi-arid areas where its presence usually indicates groundwater. Cultivated in wet-winter or Mediterranean climates, but also in wet-summer or humid subtropical climates like eastern Australia and the southeastern United States. Examples in high-latitude oceanic climates, such as Ireland, the UK, and the Channel Islands. It can be cultivated where temperatures rarely fall below -10°C (14 or 10 °F). Light: Full Sun. USDA Hardiness Zone 8a: to -12.2°C (10 °F) to 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F). Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping. It is very frost hardy and thrives on poor soils. It needs good drainage. Soil pH requirements: 6.1 (mildly acidic) to 7.8 (mildly alkaline). Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: regional crop. Management: standard (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1]. Normal height range 10–20m (33–66 ft) tall; some specimens have reached 40m (130 ft).

Carbon Farming

  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Regional Crop  These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally but have not been adopted elsewhere and are typically not traded globally, Examples in this broad category include perennial cottons and many nuts and staple fruits.
  • Staple Crop: Sugar  Perennial sugar crops include sugarcane and compare favorably to annuals.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:



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Plant Propagation

Plants are grown from seed. Seed germinates readily. It takes 1-2 months to germinate. In tropical locations suckers can be used.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Canary Island palm, Canary Island date palm, date palm, phoenix palm, Pineapple Palm, Canary Date Palm, Slender Date Palm, Palem korma kannari

Native Range

AFRICA: Spain (Canarias)

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Phoenix canariensis is an invasive plant. It is listed as invasive in California. In Auckland, New Zealand, the palm has itself become a host for the naturalised Australian strangler fig, Ficus macrophylla.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Least Concern

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Phoenix dactyliferaDate PalmTree25.0 8-12 SLMHNDM523
Phoenix reclinataSenegal Date PalmTree6.0 9-11 MLMNDM100
Phoenix sylvestrisWild Date Plum, India Date PalmTree15.0 9-11 SLMHSNM10 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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