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Hedysarum boreale - Nutt.

Common Name Sweet Vetch, Utah sweetvetch, Northern sweetvetch
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards The sub-species H. boreale mackenzii is said to have a slightly toxic root, but no mention about toxicity for this species has been found.
Habitats Calcareous gravels and rocky slopes[204].
Range Northern N. America - Saskatchewan to Arizona.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Hedysarum boreale Sweet Vetch, Utah sweetvetch, Northern sweetvetch


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Hedysarum boreale Sweet Vetch, Utah sweetvetch, Northern sweetvetch
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Hedysarum boreale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 3. It is in flower from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Root
Edible Uses:

Young tender roots - raw or cooked[183]. Sliced and eaten raw, boiled, baked or added to soups[183]. A sweet carrot[105] or liquorice-like flavour[183].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Food Forest  Nitrogen Fixer

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Easily grown in ordinary garden soil in a sunny position, preferring a deep well-drained sandy loam[1, 200]. Plants strongly resent root disturbance and should be placed in their permanent positions as soon as possible[1]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a clumper with limited spread [1-2]. The root pattern is a tap root similar to a carrot going directly down [1-2].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Propagation

Seed - sow in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe or in the spring[200]. Stored seed should be pre-soaked for 24 hours in warm water. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer. Division in spring. Great care is needed since the plant dislikes root disturbance[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Hedysarum alpinumAlpine SweetvetchPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHNM30 
Hedysarum arcticum Perennial0.3 -  LMHNM20 
Hedysarum boreale mackenziiLiquorice RootPerennial0.1 3-7  LMHNM40 
Hedysarum hedysaroidesAlpine French HoneysucklePerennial0.4 4-8  LMHNM30 
Hedysarum occidentaleLiquorice Root, Western sweetvetchPerennial0.1 4-8  LMHNM40 
Hedysarum sachalinense Perennial0.5 -  LMHNM20 
Hedysarum vicioides Perennial0.7 3-7  LMHNM20 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

Nutt.

Botanical References

60200

Links / References

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