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Dalbergia oliveri - Gamble ex Prain

Common Name Redwood
Family Fabaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Usually in primary and secondary forest, mixed deciduous forest, tropical evergreen or semi-deciduous forest, along streams, at elevations up to 1,200 metres[ 598 ].
Range E. Asia - India, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Dalbergia oliveri Redwood


https://edibleplants.org/
Dalbergia oliveri Redwood
https://edibleplants.org/

 

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Summary

Dalbergia oliveri is a deciduous tree that grows about 30 m in height and with an open, spreading crown. It is commonly found in Southeast Asia, specifically in Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. It is highly valued for its red lumber used in making furniture, cabinets, and handicrafts among others. It is considered as an endangered species due to overharvesting.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Dalbergia oliveri is a deciduous Tree growing to 23 m (75ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a slow rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Dalbergia laccifera Laness. Dalbergia prazeri Prain

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Furniture  Wood

Other Uses: The heartwood is a dark red-brown; the sapwood white[ 146 ]. The wood is close-grained, hard, heavy, and resistant to the attacks of termites. It has an attractive, veined structure and is easy to polish. It is often used for making quality furniture, luxury cabinets, art and handicrafts etc, as well as the handles of agricultural implements[ 404 , 598 ].

Special Uses

Nitrogen Fixer

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Young trees are fairly shade tolerant, but older trees prefer a sunny position[ 404 ]. Members of this genus generally prefer a fertile, loam soil[ 200 ]. A slow-growing tree[ 404 ]. Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[ 755 ].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

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Plant Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[ K ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Neang Nuon, Mai Ching Chan, Mai Kham Phii, tamalan, Burmese Rosewood, Laos Rosewood, Asian Rosewood.

TROPICAL ASIA: India (Arunachal Pradesh), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Endangered A1cd

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Dalbergia baroniiPalissandre rouge des marais, hitsika, sovodranoTree20.0 10-12 MLMNMwe004
Dalbergia cochinchinensisSiam Rosewood, Thailand RosewoodTree25.0 10-12 SLMHNM004
Dalbergia greveanaMadagascar RosewoodTree15.0 10-12 SLMHNDM024
Dalbergia hupeana Tree15.0 -  LMHSNM113
Dalbergia latifoliaBlack Rosewood, East Indian Rosewood, Kala sheeshan, SatisalTree30.0 10-12 MLMHNM024
Dalbergia louveliiAndramena, Volombodipona, Violet rosewoodTree15.0 10-12 MLMHNM024
Dalbergia melanoxylonAfrican Blackwood, Grenadilla, MpingoTree6.0 10-12 SLMHNDM025
Dalbergia monticolaHazovola, tsiandalana, voamboanaTree12.0 10-12 SLMHNM004
Dalbergia nigraBrazilian RosewoodTree20.0 10-12 MLMHNDM004
Dalbergia retusaCocoboloTree20.0 10-12 SLMHNM004
Dalbergia stevensoniiHonduras RosewoodTree20.0 10-12 SLMHNM004

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

Gamble ex Prain

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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