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Cotoneaster racemiflorus - (Desf.)Booth. ex Bosse.

Common Name Black-Wood, Cotoneaster
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Shrubby thickets on stony slopes[74]. To elevations of 2400 metres in Kashmir[145].
Range N. Africa to W. and C. Asia.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Cotoneaster racemiflorus Black-Wood, Cotoneaster


Cotoneaster racemiflorus Black-Wood, Cotoneaster

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Cotoneaster racemiflorus is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2.4 m (7ft 10in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in flower from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Flies, midges.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

C. fontanesii. C. nummularia. Mespilus racemiflora.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Manna
Edible Uses:

Yields a manna-like substance called shir-khist, it is rich in sugars[46, 61, 183]. It contains about 13% sacchrose, 37.5% dextrose[105, 183]. No details of which part of the plant yields the manna, it is most likely to be the stem.

Medicinal Uses

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Aperient  Expectorant  Stomachic

The plant is aperient, expectorant and stomachic[240].

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Other Uses

Basketry  Dye  Wood

A rose-tan dye is obtained from the fruit[168]. The wood is used in basket making.

Special Uses

Attracts Wildlife  Scented Plants

Cultivation details

An easily grown plant, it prefers a good soil but also does well in poor soils[1, 11, 200]. It thrives in lime and is also happy in peaty soils[1]. It succeeds in any soil that is not marshy or waterlogged[11, 200]. Succeeds in dry soils[188]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in full sun or semi-shade but does not fruit so freely in a shady position[11, 200]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution[200]. A very hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to about -25°c[200]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. There are several sub-species[200]. The flowers, when inhaled near to, have an unpleasant smell like decaying fish[245]. They are very attractive to bees whilst the fruit is a good winter food source for many species of birds[200]. Trees are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed. Members of this genus hybridize freely so, if you require seed that breeds true, it is important to obtain it from a known wild source or from a controlled fertilization of garden plants. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame, when it will usually germinate in the spring[11, 200]. Stored seed germinates faster if given 3 months warm stratification at 15°c and then 3 months cold stratification at 4°c[164]. The seed usually germinates within 1 - 18 months at 15°c but it can take 2 years[164]. Pot the seedlings up as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant them out into nursery beds or into their permanent positions when they are more than 10cm tall. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July/August in a frame[11, 200]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, preferably with a heel, November in a frame.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Cotoneaster acuminatusAcuminate cotoneasterShrub4.0 4-8  LMHSNDM00 
Cotoneaster bacillaris Shrub5.0 5-9 FLMHSNDM01 
Cotoneaster conspicuusTibetan Cotoneaster, CotoneasterShrub3.0 6-8 MLMHSNDM00 
Cotoneaster coriaceus Shrub4.0 5-9 FLMHSNDM00 
Cotoneaster divaricatusSpreading CotoneasterShrub2.0 4-8 FLMHSNDM00 
Cotoneaster franchetiiOrange cotoneasterShrub3.0 5-9  LMHFSNDM10 
Cotoneaster frigidus Shrub10.0 6-9 FLMHFSNDM01 
Cotoneaster glaucophyllus Shrub3.0 6-9 MLMHSNDM00 
Cotoneaster microphyllus Shrub1.0 4-8 SLMHSNDM21 
Cotoneaster serotinus Shrub6.0 6-9 MLMHSNDM00 
Cotoneaster simonsiiSimons' cotoneasterShrub3.0 4-8 FLMHSNDM00 
Cotoneaster wardii Shrub4.0 5-9  LMHSNDM00 
Cotoneaster x watereri Shrub5.0 5-9 MLMHSNDM00 

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Desf.)Booth. ex Bosse.

Botanical References

1174200

Links / References

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