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Aspidosperma eburneum - Allem?o ex Saldanha

Common Name Eburneum
Family Apocynaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards The freshly cut wood and sap of Aspidosperma species causes irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, with general malaise[ 407 ]. The sawdust, on contact with abraded skin, produces local burning and a vesicular eruption with general symptoms of muscular weakness and cramps, sweating, dryness of the mouth, and faintness[ 407 ]. Once the wood is thoroughly dry it loses its toxicity unless polishes or dyes in organic solvents are used on it[ 407 ]
Habitats Forests[ 409 ].
Range S. America - Brazil.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Aspidosperma eburneum Eburneum


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Aspidosperma eburneum Eburneum
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Summary

Aspidosperma eburneum is an evergreen tree that is widely harvested from the wild for its highly valued timber. It grows up to 20 m in height and it is commonly found in Brazil. The wood is an excellent substitute for West Indian satinwood or Xanthoxylum. It is used in cabinet-making, mathematical scales, and for engraving uses. Freshly cut wood has toxic effects causing irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Aspidosperma eburneum is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Aspidosperma compactinervium Kuhlm. Aspidosperma pruinosum Markgr.

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Furniture  Wood

Other uses rating: High (4/5). This wood is of the brightest yellow satinwood colour, and has an exceptionally close and smooth compact grain. It very closely resembles West Indian satinwood (Xanthoxylum), except that the grain is closer and finer. It would provide an excellent substitute for the latter[ 719 ]. It is highly prized for cabinet work, mathematical scales, and for engraving purposes[ 46 , 719 ].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Not known

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Seed

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Eburneum or Aspidosperma eburneum

Coming Soon

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Aspidosperma albumGuatambuTree25.0 10-12 MLMHNM024
Aspidosperma polyneuronPeroba RosaTree15.0 10-12 SLMHSNM024
Aspidosperma quebracho-blancoQuebrachoTree0.0 -  LMHSNM022

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

Allem?o ex Saldanha

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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