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Acer ginnala - Maxim.

Common Name Amur Maple
Family Aceraceae
USDA hardiness 3-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Found in many habitats in Korea, especially along streamsides and swampy places[151]. Forests at elevations of 100 - 800 metres in China[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Manchuria.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Acer ginnala Amur Maple


Acer ginnala Amur Maple

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Acer ginnala is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

A. tataricum ginnala.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Tea

The young leaves are used as a tea substitute[177, 183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

Dye  Preservative  Tannin

The leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them[18, 20]. Black, blue and brown dyes are obtained from the dried leaves[151]. The leaves contain the dyestuff quercetin[223]. They also contain about 30% tannin[223].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Of easy cultivation, it prefers a good moist well-drained soil on the acid side[11, 182]. Prefers a sunny position but tolerates some shade[11, 200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Chlorosis can sometimes develop as a result of iron deficiency when the plants are grown in alkaline soils, but in general maples are not fussy as to soil pH. A very ornamental tree[1], there are some named varieties[11]. The form 'Bailey Compact' is a compact form originating in N. America. Very closely related to and possibly only a ssp. of A. tataricum[11]. The dried leaves are exported to China in large quantities for their use as a dye[151]. Most maples are bad companion plants, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants[18, 20].

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Propagation

Seed of garden origin rarely comes true to type. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, it usually germinates in the following spring. Pre-soak stored seed for 24 hours and then stratify for 2 - 4 months at 1 - 8°c. It can be slow to germinate. The seed can be harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it has dried and produced any germination inhibitors) and sown immediately. It should germinate in late winter. If the seed is harvested too soon it will produce very weak plants or no plants at all[80, 113]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on until they are 20cm or more tall before planting them out in their permanent positions. Layering, which takes about 12 months, is successful with most species in this genus. Cuttings of young shoots in June or July. The cuttings should have 2 - 3 pairs of leaves, plus one pair of buds at the base. Remove a very thin slice of bark at the base of the cutting, rooting is improved if a rooting hormone is used. The rooted cuttings must show new growth during the summer before being potted up otherwise they are unlikely to survive the winter. Fairly easy from cuttings.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant can be weedy or invasive in Connecticut (Amur maple) - Potentially invasive, not banned.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

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Acer ukurunduense caudatum Tree20.0 - SLMHSNM10 
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Author

Maxim.

Botanical References

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Readers comment

   Feb 20 2014 12:00AM

This tree is an invasive species and should not be planted. However, there are many good alternatives: American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), Kentucky yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea), Sassafrass (Sassafrass albidum), Hop hornbeam (AKA Ironwood) (Ostrya virginiana). These are all native trees, important elements of our natural ecology, and will support a variety of wildlife.

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