We have over 100,000 visitors each month, but in the whole of 2013 less than £1,000 was raised from donations. We rely on donations and cannot continue to maintain our database and website unless this increases considerably in 2014. Please make a donation today. More information on our financial position >>>
Search Page Content
   Bookmark and Share
   
    By donating to PFAF, you can help support and expand our activities
    Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis - L.                
                 
Common Name Chinese Hibiscus, Shoeblackplant, Hawaiian Hibiscus, Tropical Hibiscus, China Rose, Rose-of-China, S
Family Malvaceae
Synonyms Hibiscus boryanus. Hibiscus festalis. Hibiscus storckii
Known Hazards Do not use during pregnancy or if planning children.
Habitats Not known in a truly wild situation
Range S. E. Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Full sun

Summary       
Bloom Color: Orange, Pink, Red, Salmon, White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Early spring, Late summer, Late spring, Mid summer, Mid spring. Form: Oval, Vase.

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of shrub
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.

USDA hardiness zone : 9-11


Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Chinese Hibiscus, Shoeblackplant, Hawaiian Hibiscus, Tropical Hibiscus, China Rose, Rose-of-China, S


http://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=User:Palamède&action=edit&redlink=1
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Chinese Hibiscus, Shoeblackplant, Hawaiian Hibiscus, Tropical Hibiscus, China Rose, Rose-of-China, S
   
Habitats       
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedge;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves;  Root.
Edible Uses: Colouring.

Young leaves are sometimes used as a spinach substitute[177, 183]. A nutritional analysis is available[218]. Flowers - raw or cooked[240]. They can also be made into a kind of pickle or used as a purple dye for colouring foods such as preserved fruits and cooked vegetables[177, 183]. A nutritional analysis is available[218]. Root - it is edible but very fibrousy[144]. Mucilaginous, without very much flavour[144].
Composition                                         
Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food.
Flowers (Fresh weight)
  • 0 Calories per 100g
  • Water : 89.8%
  • Protein: 0.06g; Fat: 0.4g; Carbohydrate: 0g; Fibre: 1.56g; Ash: 0g;
  • Minerals - Calcium: 4mg; Phosphorus: 27mg; Iron: 1.7mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 0mg; Potassium: 0mg; Zinc: 0mg;
  • Vitamins - A: 0mg; Thiamine (B1): 0.03mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0.05mg; Niacin: 0.6mg; B6: 0mg; C: 4.2mg;
  • Reference: [ 218]
  • Notes:
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anodyne;  Antispasmodic;  Aperient;  Aphrodisiac;  Astringent;  Demulcent;  Emmenagogue;  Emollient;  Poultice;  Refrigerant;  VD.


Chinese hibiscus is a sweet, astringent, cooling herb that checks bleeding, soothes irritated tissues and relaxes spasms[238]. The flowers are aphrodisiac, demulcent, emmenagogue, emollient and refrigerant[240]. They are used internally in the treatment of excessive and painful menstruation, cystitis, venereal diseases, feverish illnesses, bronchial catarrh, coughs and to promote hair growth[238, 240]. An infusion of the flowers is given as a cooling drink to ill people[272]. The leaves are anodyne, aperient, emollient and laxative[240]. A decoction is used as a lotion in the treatment of fevers[240]. The leaves and flowers are beaten into a paste and poulticed onto cancerous swellings and mumps[218]. The flowers are used in the treatment of carbuncles, mumps, fever and sores[218]. The root is a good source of mucilage and is used as a substitute for marsh mallow (Althaea officinalis) in the treatment of coughs and colds[240, 272]. A paste made from the root is used in the treament of venereal diseases[272].
Other Uses
Cosmetic;  Fibre;  Hedge;  Hedge;  Polish.

The juice from the petals is used in China as shoe-blacking and mascara[238]. A dye is made from the petals[272]. A good quality fibre is obtained from the stems[74]. In warm sub-tropical areas the fibres can be up to 3 metres long, but in Britain they are likely to be much shorter. The fibre is used for coarse fabrics, nets and paper[74]. Plants are often used for hedges and screens, though since they are not very cold hardy they are not suitable for this use in Britain[200].
Cultivation details                                         
Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Hedge, Standard, Seashore, Specimen. Prefers a well-drained humus rich fertile soil in a warm, sheltered position in full sun[200, 260]. A very ornamental plant[1], it is not very frost-tolerant and needs to be grown in essentially frost-free areas. It might succeed outdoors in the very mildest areas of the country if given a very sheltered warm position. Alternatively, it might be possible to grow the plant as a tender annual by starting it off early in a warm greenhouse. If well-grown it can flower and set seed in its first year. This species grows very well in a frost-free conservatory in Northern Europe so long as it is in a sunny position and free from draughts[260]. Plants will often lose most of their leaves in cool winters, though they will normally regenerate quickly as the warmer weather returns[260]. The flowers of Chinese hibiscus are very important in Hindu devotional ceremonies, being sacred to the Elephant God, Ganesh[238]. Individual flowers are short-lived, in many modern cultivars the flowers wither after 24 hours though in many of the older cultivars they can last for 48 hours[260]. There are many named forms, selected for their ornamental value[200]. Special Features:Attracts birds, Not North American native, Attracts butterflies, Blooms are very showy.
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - sow early spring in a warm greenhouse. Germination is usually fairly rapid. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. If growing them as annuals, plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer and protect them with a frame or cloche until they are growing away well. If hoping to grow them as perennials, then it is better to grow them on in the greenhouse for their first year and to plant them out in early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Overwinter them in a warm greenhouse and plant out after the last expected frosts.
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
L.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
74200266
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         

[1]F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
[74]Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR.
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers.
[144]Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Wild Food in Australia.
A very good pocket guide.
[177]Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption.
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
[183]Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants.
Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.
[200]Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
[218]Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
[238]Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
[240]Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
[260]Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2
Excellent photos of over 1,100 species and cultivars with habits and cultivation details plus a few plant uses. Many species are too tender for outdoors in Britain though there are many that can be grown outside.
[272]Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.

Readers comment                                         
 
Elizabeth H.
Bárbara Aguila Gil Mon Jul 14 21:21:47 2003
The flowers from hibiscus rosa-sinensis are very for phytopharmac. I need more information Thank you, very much.

Bárbara Aguila Laboratorio Mario Muñoz

Link: napralert

Elizabeth H.
Ivan Sun Jun 12 19:22:36 2005
I am doing a research on the antibacterial effect of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis leaf extract. This site has helped me a lot. On the contrary, I would like to ask for more informations especially on the checmicals present on this plant and their respective, specific actions. Thank you... Nice job!
Elizabeth H.
Jude Wed Feb 15 2006
I am a biochemistry student who is carrying out a research on the effect of aqueous extract of hibiscus rosa-sinensis on acetylcholinesterase and the possible use of the plant extract in the management of hypertension. this marvelous site has helped me in knowing so many things which is relevant to my research. I am not ungrateful, I appreciate but the initiators of this site should work harder in expanding their information especially on the discription based on the parts of the plant. Thanx
Elizabeth H.
Captain_62 Tue Mar 21 2006
i have just completed a biology assignment on the medicinal purposes of hibiscus rosa-sinensis and this site has helped alot, thanks heaps keep up the good work Captain_62
Elizabeth H.
Thu Aug 31 2006
can anyone tellme about its hypocholesterolemic effects..i amgoing to proceed my thesis on this.
Elizabeth H.
Danielle Jackson Fri Sep 8 2006
This site has provided me with wonderful information relevant to my biology assignment. Not many sites explain the medicinal purposes of Hibiscus. Thank you, you've done a wonderful job
Elizabeth H.
grace estrada Fri Jul 6 2007
i want to know if Hibiscus rosa-sinensis can realy polish black shoes. im doing a research of that.
Elizabeth H.
ApolloG Mon Aug 20 2007
New research on the aphrodisiac properties of this hibiscus is presented at www.aphrodisiology.com/hibiscus. The plant has been shown to contain phytoandrogens, plant chemicals that mimic testosterone. While it can reduce uterine bleeding, it can also interfere with pregnancy. Women of childbearing years should think carefully before using this herb.

Aphrodisiology Review of research on aphrodisiac properties of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Elizabeth H.
tracytan Wed Nov 21 2007
i wanna know information of callus induction of hibiscus rosa sinensis coz i m doing that. any info of micropropagation of this plant? thanks
Elizabeth H.
MANISH PAL SINGH Tue Jan 29 2008
this site very useful in my M.PHARM project work.thank you
Elizabeth H.
Kitty Antonik Wakfer Mon Mar 3 2008
Nice to see food composition information. However, that given for leaves cannot be correct at 0 calories if the protein, fat & carbohydrate values are as given. I'd like to reference this page as a nutrional source from MoreLife.org, and so would like to see the information corrected.
Elizabeth H.
Cecilia Wed Jun 11 2008
somebody help me please, I need a jurnal of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Elizabeth H.
rj Tue Jul 1 2008
We are proposing a research regarding the antipyretic effect of hibiscus rosa-sinensis. We are searching more information and data that can substantiate our proposal. Can you please help us give more info and sources regarding this matter. Thank you!
Elizabeth H.
SWATI YERANDEKAR Fri Sep 19 2008
The information given is very useful for my students of std viii who will be doing a project for forthcoming science exhibition.We would like to have more information about the drink prepared by using the petals of hibisus flower. Thank You! Swati Yerandekar Principal Ratanbai F. Pavri High School,Khetwadi, Mumbai 400010
Elizabeth H.
Rajeev kumar Fri Sep 19 2008
Hibiscus rosa is a flower but not smell in this flower why ?
Elizabeth H.
Aparna Fri Oct 31 2008
Can I have some information on micropropogation of Hibiscus
Elizabeth H.
CLAURENCE Sat Jan 3 2009
IT IS POSSIBLE TO TAKE AN ANTIBIOTIC FROM GUMAMELA?
Elizabeth H.
afshan Mon Feb 2 2009
this site is good and provide lot of information..i need some information about tissue culture/in vitro culture work done on hibiscus rosa sinensis for micropropogation or invitro culture
Elizabeth H.
HILDA.K Thu Feb 12 2009
YOU HAVE MENTIONED THAT INSECTS POLLINATE THIS FLOWER CAN YOU MENTION THE NAME OF THE INSECT
Elizabeth H.
trudi Wed Feb 18 2009
did any protocol is specifical to extract out the DNA of hibiscus rosa-sinensis?
Elizabeth H.
adidev bharti Fri Jun 5 2009
send me method of extraction and isolation of mucilage (polysaccharide) from the leaves.
Elizabeth H.
Sanjeet Kumar(Gridih) Sun Jun 21 2009
Really it is more useful in hair lose.
Elizabeth H.
C.G.VENKATARAMANAN Mon Sep 7 2009
The leaves are used to substitute horse gram in making Idly and Dosa in villages in South India.
Elizabeth H.
jessa cedeno Wed Sep 30 2009
hi..im searching a topic for my thesis and this page give an idea..is it possible to make a shampoo out of hibiscus rosa-sinensis?or is there already a research on that and had already proven its effect?thank you so much..
Elizabeth H.
mugunthan Fri Jan 22 2010
in my researfch im using leaves of hibiscus for treatment of hiv, it is mainly responsible for growth of wbc cells.;..
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Rate This Plant                                         
Please rate this plants for how successful you have found it to be. You will need to be logged in to do this. Our intention is not to create a list of 'popular' plants but rather to highlight plants that may be rare and unusual and that have been found to be useful by website users. This hopefully will encourage more people to use plants that they possibly would not have considered before.
     
                                                                                 
Add a comment/link                                         

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

Subject : Hibiscus rosa-sinensis  
             

Links To add a link to another website with useful info add the details here
Name of Site
URL of Site
Details