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Fagopyrum spp - Various

Common Name Perennial Buckwheat
Family Polygonaceae
USDA hardiness 5-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forests and cultivated areas from Pakistan to S.W. China, 1500 - 3400 metres[51]. Found alongside ditches on shady damp and fertile soils in China[147].
Range Eurasia.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Fagopyrum spp Perennial Buckwheat


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Fagopyrum spp Perennial Buckwheat
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Summary

Fagopyrum contains 15 to 16 species of annual and perennial plants, including buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum), and Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum).


Physical Characteristics

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Fagopyrum spp is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

See individual species.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Leaves - raw or cooked[105, 160, 272]. Boiled or steamed and used like spinach[183]. Of excellent quality according to one report[2], but we have been less than impressed by the flavour, which has a distinct bitterness especially when eaten raw[K]. The leaves are rich in rutin (see below for details of its uses) and so they do make a healthy addition to the diet[K]. Seed - it can be sprouted and eaten raw, or cooked and used as a cereal[4]. Dried and ground into a powder, it can serve as a thickening agent in soups etc. The seed is rich in vitamin B6. Unfortunately, it is not freely produced in Britain[2]. Carbon Farming Solutions - Staple Crop: balanced carb (The term staple crop typically refers to a food that is eaten routinely and accounts for a dominant part of people's diets in a particular region of the world) [1-1].

Medicinal Uses

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The whole plant is anodyne, anthelmintic, antiphlogistic, carminative, depurative and febrifuge. It stimulates blood circulation[147]. A decoction is used in the treatment of traumatic injuries, lumbago, menstrual irregularities, purulent infections, snake and insect bites[147]. A decoction of the roots is used in the treatment of insect bites, dysmenorrhoea, inflammation, lumbago, snakebite and traumatic injuries[218]. The leaves are rich in rutin which is a capillary tonic, antioedemic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and hypotensive[218]. Rutin also inhibits carcinogenesis and protects against radiation[218].

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Other Uses

Animal feed, An ornamental plant.

Cultivation details

Climate: boreal to cold temperate. Humidity: arid to semi-arid. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: hypothetical - F. esculentum could be crossed with F. cymosum. Management: standard (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1].

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer. Division is very easy at almost any time in the growing season, though it is best avoided in early spring because the young growth can be damaged by late frosts. The divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Buckwheat, Perennial buckwheat, Tall buckwheat

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Climate: boreal to cold temperate including E. Asia - China, Japan, Himalayas.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Fagopyrum dibotrysPerennial Buckwheat42
Fagopyrum esculentumBuckwheat43
Fagopyrum spp.Perennial Buckwheat43
Fagopyrum tataricumTartarian Buckwheat31

 

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