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Dalbergia_oliveri - Gamble ex Prain

Common Name Redwood
Family Fabaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Usually in primary and secondary forest, mixed deciduous forest, tropical evergreen or semi-deciduous forest, along streams, at elevations up to 1,200 metres[ 598 ].
Range E. Asia - India, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Dalbergia_oliveri Redwood


International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
Dalbergia_oliveri Redwood
https://botanicimage.com/

 

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Summary

Dalbergia oliveri is a deciduous tree that grows about 30 m in height and with an open, spreading crown. It is commonly found in Southeast Asia, specifically in Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. It is highly valued for its red lumber used in making furniture, cabinets, and handicrafts among others. It is considered as an endangered species due to overharvesting.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Dalbergia_oliveri is a deciduous Tree growing to 23 m (75ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Dalbergia laccifera Laness. Dalbergia prazeri Prain

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Other Uses: The heartwood is a dark red-brown; the sapwood white[ 146 ]. The wood is close-grained, hard, heavy, and resistant to the attacks of termites. It has an attractive, veined structure and is easy to polish. It is often used for making quality furniture, luxury cabinets, art and handicrafts etc, as well as the handles of agricultural implements[ 404 , 598 ].

Cultivation details

Young trees are fairly shade tolerant, but older trees prefer a sunny position[ 404 ]. Members of this genus generally prefer a fertile, loam soil[ 200 ]. A slow-growing tree[ 404 ]. Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[ 755 ].

image

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Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[ K ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Neang Nuon, Mai Ching Chan, Mai Kham Phii, tamalan, Burmese Rosewood, Laos Rosewood, Asian Rosewood.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Myanmar; Thailand; Viet Nam; Lao People's Democratic Republic

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Endangered A1cd

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

Gamble ex Prain

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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