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Zanthoxylum schinifolium - Siebold.&Zucc.

Common Name Peppertree
Family Rutaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Low mountains, C. and S. Japan[58]. Roadsides in Korea[151].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Zanthoxylum schinifolium Peppertree


commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Dalgial
Zanthoxylum schinifolium Peppertree
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Dalgial

 

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Summary

Yellow autumn colour. Valuable for butterflies


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Zanthoxylum schinifolium is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft 1in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen in October. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Fagara pteropoda. Zanthoxylum mantschuricum. Zanthoxylum pteropodum

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves
Edible Uses: Condiment

Seed - cooked. It is used as a condiment, a pepper substitute[151]. Young leaves[105]. No more details are given.

Medicinal Uses

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Anaesthetic  Diuretic  Parasiticide  Stimulant  Tonic  Vasodilator

The pericarp is anaesthetic, diuretic, parasiticide and vasodilator[176]. It is used in the treatment of gastralgia and dyspepsia due to cold with vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, ascariasis and dermal diseases[176]. It has a local anaesthetic action and is parasiticide against the pork tapeworm (Taenia solium)[176]. The pericarp contains geraniol. In small doses this has a mild diuretic action, though large doses will inhibit the excretion of urine[176]. There is a persistent increase in peristalsis at low concentration, but inhibition at high concentration[176]. The resin contained in the bark, and especially in that of the roots, is powerfully stimulant and tonic[82].

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Other Uses

Parasiticide

None known

Cultivation details

Uses: Clearstem tree, multi-stem tree, specimen tree, specimen shrub; Parks, tree containers, cemeteries, roof gardens, large gardens. Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade[1, 11, 200]. Flowers are formed on the old wood[206]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Self-sown seedlings have occasionally been observed growing in bare soil in the shade of the parent plant[K].

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[113]. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage[78]. Suckers, removed in late winter and planted into their permanent positions[113].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Zanthoxylum ailanthoides 21
Zanthoxylum alatumWinged Prickly Ash32
Zanthoxylum americanumPrickly Ash - Northern, Common pricklyash, Northern Prickly Ash23
Zanthoxylum beecheyanum 21
Zanthoxylum bungeanum 23
Zanthoxylum clava-herculisHercules Club. Prickly Ash - Southern, Hercules' club, Southern Prickly Ash23
Zanthoxylum coreanum 11
Zanthoxylum nitidum 02
Zanthoxylum piperitumJapanese Pepper Tree32
Zanthoxylum planispinumWinged Prickly Ash32
Zanthoxylum simulansSzechuan Pepper, Chinese-pepper, Prickly Ash32

 

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Expert comment

Author

Siebold.&Zucc.

Botanical References

58200

Links / References

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Subject : Zanthoxylum schinifolium  
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