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Vitis rotundifolia - Michx.

Common Name Muscadine Grape, Muscadine, Southern Fox Grape, Scuppernong, Muscadine Grape
Family Vitaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woods, thickets, sandhills and shores[43].
Range South-eastern N. America - Delaware to Indiana and Kansas, south to Florida, Texas and Mexico.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Vitis rotundifolia Muscadine Grape, Muscadine, Southern Fox Grape, Scuppernong, Muscadine Grape


Vitis rotundifolia Muscadine Grape, Muscadine, Southern Fox Grape, Scuppernong, Muscadine Grape
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Summary

Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Irregular or sprawling, Spreading or horizontal, Variable height, Variable spread.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Vitis rotundifolia is a deciduous Climber growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 5. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

V. vulpina. non L.

Plant Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Leaves  Shoots
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or dried for winter use[1, 2, 22, 46]. Thick-skinned[61] with a pleasant musky flavour[11, 200, 219]. Pleasant to eat raw, the fruit is excellent in jellies, pies etc[183]. The fruit is up to 25mm in diameter[200] and is produced in small bunches[235]. Leaves - cooked[55]. Young leaves are wrapped around other foods and then baked, they impart a pleasant flavour. Young tendrils - raw or cooked[55, 85].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Dye

A yellow dye is obtained from the fresh or dried leaves[168].

Special Uses

Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Arbor. Prefers a deep rich moist well-drained moderately fertile loam[1, 200]. Grows best in a calcareous soil[200]. Succeeds in sun or partial shade though a warm sunny position is required for the fruit to ripen[200]. Prefers a position in full sun[160] Plants climb by means of tendrils[182]. They grow particularly well up elm trees[18]. Cultivated for its edible fruit in N. America[46, 61], there are some named varieties[183]. Most plants are self-fertile[160], but there are some cultivars that only produce female flowers and require pollination[183]. Any pruning should be carried out in winter when the plants are dormant otherwise they bleed profusely[182, 200]. Resistant to Phylloxera disease, a disease that almost destroyed the European grape crops. This species can be used as a rootstock in areas where the disease is prevalent and can also be used in breeding programmes with V. vinifera in order to impart resistance to that species[160]. Plants are , however, susceptible to infestation by aphis[160]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Special Features: North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. Woody. Growth habit is a single or multiple shooting vine from a crown [1-2].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Plant Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[K]. Six weeks cold stratification improves the germination rate, and so stored seed is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is obtained. Germination should take place in the first spring, but sometimes takes another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant out in early summer. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth, December/January in a frame. These cuttings can be of wood 15 - 30cm long or they can be of short sections of the stem about 5cm long with just one bud at the top of the section. In this case a thin, narrow strip of the bark about 3cm long is removed from the bottom half of the side of the stem. This will encourage callusing and the formation of roots. Due to the size of these cuttings they need to be kept in a more protected environment than the longer cuttings. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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12

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

Michx.

Botanical References

1143200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Mon Jun 25 2007

Hi there, Can anyone tell me where to obtain seed? Can anyone send me any seed? Many thanks - [email protected]

Fractal Serpent   Mon Jan 28 2008

Muscadine grapes are highly medically useful -- grape seeds and skins are a very rich source of proanthocyanidins, tannins, resveratol, polyphenols and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The resveratol, in particular, is what imparts many of the health benefits of red wine -- and wine made from muscadine grapes is higher in these compounds than other wines. I'm linking to the wikipedia entry on these grapes, but they certainly deserve a higher medical rating.

Wikipedia Muscadine Grape Entry

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Subject : Vitis rotundifolia  
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