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Tulipa edulis - (Miq.)Baker.

Common Name
Family Liliaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards Although no records of toxicity have been seen for this species, the bulbs and the flowers of at least one member of this genus have been known to cause dermatitis in sensitive people, though up to 5 bulbs a day of that species can be eaten without ill-effect[65].
Habitats Moist places in meadows in lowlands[58, 178], near rivers and on wooded hillsides[90]. Grassy slopes and hillsides from near sea level to 1700 metres in China[266].
Range E. Asia - E. China, S. Japan, Korea, Manchuria.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Tulipa edulis


http://www.flickr.com/photos/56119072@N00/401814220
Tulipa edulis
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Keisotyo

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of bulb
Tulipa edulis is a BULB growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) at a slow rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

T. graminifolia. Amana edulis. A. graminifolia. Orithyia edulis.

Plant Habitats

 Cultivated Beds; East Wall. By. South Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Root
Edible Uses:

Bulb - cooked[22, 105]. A source of starch[46, 61]. The bulb can be up to 4cm in diameter[266]. Leaves - cooked[46, 61, 105]. Unless you have more plants than you need this practise is not recommended since it will greatly weaken the plant[K].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Antidote  Antipyretic  Cancer  Depurative  Expectorant  Febrifuge  Laxative

The inner portion of the bulb is antidote, antipyretic, depurative, expectorant, febrifuge and laxative[147, 218]. It is used, mainly as a poultice, in the treatment of ulcers and abscesses[147]. The plant has been used in the treatment of cancer[218]. The leaves are applied externally to abscesses, buboes and breast diseases[218]. The flowers are used in the treatment of dysuria[218].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Easily grown in a well-drained soil in a sunny position[1, 90]. This species is not fully hardy in Britain, the plants come into growth in the winter and need protection from severe weather and so are best grown in a bulb frame[1]. Plants are dormant in summer but do not require protection from rain[90]. Bulbs can be harvested in June after they have died down and then stored in a cool dry place, being planted out again in October.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Seed - best sown in a shady part of the cold frame as soon as it is ripe in early summer[1], or in the early autumn[200]. A spring sowing of stored seed in the greenhouse also succeeds[K]. Sow the seed thinly so that the seedlings can be grown on without disturbance for their first growing season - apply liquid feeds to the pot if necessary. Divide the bulbs once the plants have become dormant, putting 3 - 4 bulbs in each pot. Grow the on in the greenhouse for at least the next year, planting them out when dormant. Division of offsets in July. Larger bulbs can be planted out straight into their permanent positions, or can be stored in a cool place and then be planted out in late autumn. It is best to pot up smaller bulbs and grow them on in a cold frame for a year before planting them out when they are dormant in late summer to the middle of autumn.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Tulipa clusiana stellata Bulb0.2 -  LMNM10 
Tulipa gesnerianaTulip, Didier's tulipBulb0.5 4-8  LMNM102
Tulipa montana Bulb0.1 5-9 SLMNM10 
Tulipa sylvestriswild tulipBulb0.3 4-8  LMHSNM00 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

(Miq.)Baker.

Botanical References

58200266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

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