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Tephrosia virginiana - (L.)Pers.

Common Name Catgut, Virginia tephrosia
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Contact with the plant can cause dermatitis in sensitive people[222]. The seeds are toxic[222].
Habitats Dry sandy woods and openings[43].
Range Eastern N. America - New Hampshire to Florida, west to Texas and Manitoba.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Tephrosia virginiana Catgut, Virginia tephrosia


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tephrosia_virginiana,_by_Mary_Vaux_Walcott.jpg
Tephrosia virginiana Catgut, Virginia tephrosia
www.forestryimages.org

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Tephrosia virginiana is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 4. It is in flower from May to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Plant Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Anthelmintic  Cancer  Diaphoretic  Diuretic  Pectoral  Tonic  Women's complaints

The root is anthelmintic, diaphoretic, diuretic, pectoral and tonic[207, 222, 257]. A tea made from the roots is said to make children muscular and strong[222, 257]. A cold tea is used to improve male potency and also to treat TB, bladder problems, coughs, irregular menstruation and other women's complaints[222, 257]. Experimentally, the root has shown both anticancer and cancer-causing activity[222]. The leaves have been placed in the shoes in order to treat fevers and rheumatism[257].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Hair  Insecticide

The root is a source of the insecticide 'rotenone'[207, 213]. This is especially effective against flying insects but appears to be relatively harmless to animals[213]. A decoction of the roots has been used as a hair shampoo by women in order to prevent hair loss[257].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Industrial Crop: Pesticide  Management: Hay  Wild Crop

A deep rooted plant, requiring a dry to moist light or medium very well-drained soil in a sunny position[200]. Plants are hardy to about -25° when given a suitable position[200]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200].

Carbon Farming

  • Industrial Crop: Pesticide  Many plants provide natural pesticides.
  • Management: Hay  Cut to the ground and harvested annually. Non-destructive management systems maintaining the soil organic carbon.
  • Wild Crop  Some wild plants have strong historical or contemporary use. Although they are not cultivated crops, they may be wild-managed.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in a greenhouse in spring. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow on in the greenhouse for their first winter, planting out in the following spring or early summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Tephrosia candidaWhite TephrosiaShrub3.0 10-12 MLMSNM004
Tephrosia vogeliiFish-poison-bean,Shrub3.0 10-12 FLMHSNM022

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

(L.)Pers.

Botanical References

43200274

Links / References

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Subject : Tephrosia virginiana  
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