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Stylosanthes biflora - (L.) Britton & al.

Common Name Sidebeak pencilflower
Family Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats Rocky open woods, glades, prairies, usually on acid substrates.
Range Native to the Southeastern United States
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Stylosanthes biflora Sidebeak pencilflower


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Stylosanthes biflora Sidebeak pencilflower
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Stylosanthes biflora is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 5. The flowers are pollinated by Bees.
It can fix Nitrogen.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Arachis aprica Walter S. biflora var. elatior (L.) Kuntze. S. biflora var. guianensis (Aubl.) Kuntze. S. biflora var. hispidissima Mohr. S. biflora var. hispidissima Pollard & Ball. S. elatior Sw. S. elatior var. hispidissima Torr. & A.Gray. S. floridana S.F.Blake. S. hispida Michx. S. hispida var. hispidissima Michx. S. hispida var. nudiuscula Michx. S. hispida var. procumbens Pursh. S. riparia Kearney. S. riparia var. setifera Fernald. Trifolium biflorum L.

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

None Known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

The Bookshop: Edible Plant Books

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Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions: 250+ Plants For Tropical Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.
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Other Uses

Nitrogen fixer. Invertebrates shelter: beneficial for insects and other arthropods [1-2]. The foliage is highly palatable to hoofed mammalian herbivores (Banta & Thro, 1995).

Special Uses

Attracts Wildlife  Food Forest  Nitrogen Fixer

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Prefers full or partial sun, mesic (environment or habitat containing a moderate amount of moisture) to dry conditions, and a somewhat acidic infertile soil where there is reduced competition from other kinds of ground vegetation [1-6]. Bloom Color: Yellow. Bloom Time: May to Sep. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a clumper with limited spread [1-2].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Seed

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Sidebeak Pencilflower, Stylosanthes Species, Pencil Flower

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Not Listed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Stylosanthes guianensisEstiloPerennial1.2 10-12 FLMHNDM004

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

(L.) Britton & al.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

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