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Sanicula marylandica - L.

Common Name Maryland Sanicle
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Although no mention has been seen for this species, the leaves of at least two other members of the genus contain saponins[179]. Although toxic, saponins are very poorly absorbed by the body and so tend to pass through without causing harm, they are also destroyed by thorough cooking. Saponins are found in many plants, including several that are often used for food, such as certain beans. It is advisable not to eat large quantities of food that contain saponins. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish[K].
Habitats Rich woods, meadows and shores[21, 43].
Range North-eastern and Central N. America - Newfoundland to Alberta, Georgia and Colorado.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Sanicula marylandica Maryland Sanicle


www.nps.gov
Sanicula marylandica Maryland Sanicle
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Sanicula marylandica is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft). It is in flower from May to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Sanicula marilandica

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Astringent  Emetic  Expectorant  Miscellany  Nervine

The root is astringent, nervine and expectorant[21, 61]. A tea made from the thick root has been used to treat menstrual irregularities, pain, kidney ailments, rheumatism and fevers[222]. A decoction of the root has been used to cause vomiting in order to counteract a poison[257]. It makes a useful gargle for treating sore mouths and throats[21]. The powdered root has also been popularly used to treat intermittent fever and chorea (St. Vitus' Dance)[21]. The root is also poulticed and applied to snakebites[222].

References

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Other Uses

Miscellany

None known

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in most parts of the country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Succeeds in any moderately fertile well-drained soil in sun or semi-shade[200]. Strongly dislikes poor thin soils[31]. Prefers a loamy or calcareous soil[9, 17].

References

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Propagation

Seed - we have no information for this species but the following notes are for the related S. europaea. Stratification improves the germination rate. If possible sow the seed in the autumn, sow stored seed as early in the year as possible. It is best to sow the seed in situ in a woodland soil under trees If seed is in short supply it is probably wise to sow it in pots of woodland soil in a shady place in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a shady position in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Sanicula canadensisBlack SnakerootBiennial1.0 -  LMHSNM01 
Sanicula chinensisBian Dou CaiPerennial0.6 -  LMHSNM10 
Sanicula europaeaWood SaniclePerennial0.6 5-9  LMHSNM12 
Sanicula rubriflora Perennial0.5 -  LMHSNM10 
Sanicula tuberculata Perennial0.2 -  LMHSNM10 
Sanicula tuberosaTurkey PeaPerennial0.6 -  LMHSNM20 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Botanical References

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