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Quercus infectoria - Olivier.

Common Name Aleppo Oak, Oak
Family Fagaceae
USDA hardiness 6-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known
Range S. Europe - E. Mediterranean.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Quercus infectoria Aleppo Oak, Oak


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Quercus infectoria Aleppo Oak, Oak
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Summary

Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Quercus infectoria is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.8 m (6ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed
Edible Uses:

Seed - cooked. It can be dried, ground into a powder and used as a thickening in stews etc or mixed with cereals for making bread. The seed contains bitter tannins, these can be leached out by thoroughly washing the seed in running water though many minerals will also be lost. Either the whole seed can be used or the seed can be dried and ground it into a powder. It can take several days or even weeks to properly leach whole seeds, one method was to wrap them in a cloth bag and place them in a stream. Leaching the powder is quicker. A simple taste test can tell when the tannin has been leached. The traditional method of preparing the seed was to bury it in boggy ground overwinter. The germinating seed was dug up in the spring when it would have lost most of its astringency. The roasted seed is a coffee substitute.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Astringent

The bark and acorns are astringent[240]. They are used in the treatment of intertrigo, impetigo and eczema[240]. Any galls produced on the tree are strongly astringent and can be used in the treatment of haemorrhages, chronic diarrhoea, dysentery etc[4].

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Other Uses

Ink  Tannin

An ink is made from the tannin-rich galls[171]. The galls are caused by the activity of the Cynipid fly Cynips tinctoria[223]. The galls contain 36 - 58% tannin[223]. An extract of the galls is mixed with ferrous sulphate together with a gum and colouring in order to make the ink[171]. We are not sure if the galls are meant to be used before or after the insect has left them[K].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Specimen. Prefers a good deep fertile loam which can be on the stiff side[1, 11]. Young plants tolerate reasonable levels of side shade[200]. Tolerates moderate exposure, surviving well but being somewhat stunted[200]. Prefers warmer summers than are usually experienced in Britain, trees often grow poorly in this country and fail to properly ripen their wood resulting in frost damage overwinter[200]. Intolerant of root disturbance, trees should be planted in their permanent positions whilst young[11]. Hybridizes freely with other members of the genus[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - it quickly loses viability if it is allowed to dry out. It can be stored moist and cool overwinter but is best sown as soon as it is ripe in an outdoor seed bed, though it must be protected from mice, squirrels etc. Small quantities of seed can be sown in deep pots in a cold frame. Plants produce a deep taproot and need to be planted out into their permanent positions as soon as possible, in fact seed sown in situ will produce the best trees[11]. Trees should not be left in a nursery bed for more than 2 growing seasons without being moved or they will transplant very badly.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Expert comment

Author

Olivier.

Botanical References

1150200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Brian Lamb   Wed Mar 7 2007

This is also called the Cyprus oak. It grows to a large tree there with very large acorns.

Giorgos   Mon Jul 7 2008

i am from cyprus and i am making a research on this plant. if anyone interested just let me know

Dr.Nedu   Mon Nov 10 2008

Dear Giorgos, I am also starting my research on this plant. Perhaps we can communicate via e-mail for the mutual benefit. Contact me at drnedu@streamyx.com. Regards, Dr.Nedu Malaysi

Dr. Saleem   Tue Feb 17 2009

I am working to know the effect of quercus infectoria on the estrus cycle of buffalo

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