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Plantago asiatica - L.

Common Name Che Qian Zi
Family Plantaginaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woods and waste ground in lowland and mountains all over Japan[58].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Plantago asiatica Che Qian Zi


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Shizhao
Plantago asiatica Che Qian Zi

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Plantago asiatica is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Seed
Edible Uses:

Young leaves - raw or cooked[218]. Rather fibrous, unless they are very young, they have a slightly bitter flavour[K].

References

Medicinal Uses

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Antibacterial  Antiinflammatory  Antiseptic  Antitussive  Cardiac  Diuretic  Expectorant  Haemostatic  
Laxative

The leaves and the seed are anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antitussive, cardiac, diuretic, expectorant, haemostatic. Assists the repair of joints[174, 176, 238]. The seed is used internally in the treatment of a variety of ailments including asthma, bladder problems, bronchitis, fever, hypertension and rheumatism[218, 238, 279]. The leaves are also used for these purposes, though they are considered to be less powerful than the seed[218]. The leaves can be harvested at any time in the growing season, and are used fresh or dried[238]. A decoction of the roots is used in the treatment of coughs[218]. Plantain seeds contain up to 30% mucilage which swells up in the gut, acting as a bulk laxative and soothing irritated membranes[238]. Sometimes the seed husks are used without the seeds[238]. Extracts of the plant have antibacterial activity[218].

References

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Other Uses

Dynamic accumulator.

Special Uses

Dynamic accumulator

References

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any moderately fertile soil in a sunny position[200]. This species is hardy to at least -15°c[238]. Closely related to P. major and included as a sub-species of that plant by some botanists[238].

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer A sowing can be made outdoors in situ in mid to late spring if you have enough seeds.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Alisma plantago-aquaticaGreat Water Plantain, ZE-XIE, European water plantain, American water plantain, Northern water planPerennial0.9 5-9  LMHNWeWa13 
Plantago affraPsylliumAnnual0.6 -  LMHNDM13 
Plantago amplexicaulis Annual0.1 -  LMHNDM12 
Plantago arenariaFrench PsylliumAnnual0.3 -  LMHNDM13 
Plantago australisMexican PlantainPerennial0.2 -  LMHNM12 
Plantago camtschatica Perennial0.3 -  LMNDM12 
Plantago coronopusBuck's-Horn PlantainAnnual/Perennial0.3 5-9  LMNDM322
Plantago crassifolia Perennial0.2 -  LMHNM12 
Plantago cunninghamii  0.0 -  LMHSNM00 
Plantago debilis Perennial0.4 -  LMHSNM00 
Plantago decipiens Perennial0.2 -  LMHNDM12 
Plantago depressa Perennial0.0 -  LMHSNM12 
Plantago hakusanensis Perennial0.1 -  LMHNM12 
Plantago juncoides Perennial0.0 -  LMHNDM12 
Plantago lanceolataRibwort Plantain, Narrowleaf plantainPerennial0.5 5-9  LMHNDM233
Plantago majorCommon Plantain, Cart Track Plant,White Man's Foot ,PlantainPerennial0.1 3-12 MLMHNM233
Plantago maritimaSea Plantain, Goose tongue, California goose tonguePerennial0.2 5-9  LMHNM322
Plantago mediaHoary PlantainPerennial0.1 5-9  LMHNDM222
Plantago oliganthus Perennial0.2 -  LMHNM12 
Plantago ovataBlond Psyllium, Desert IndianwheatAnnual0.0 0-0  LMHNDM23 
Plantago psylliumFleawortAnnual0.6 -  LMHNDM23 
Plantago rugeliiBlackseed PlantainAnnual/Perennial0.1 0-0  LMHNDM120

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Botanical References

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Subject : Plantago asiatica  
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