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Phalaris canariensis - L.

Common Name Canary Grass, Annual canarygrass
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry open habitats[50]. A casual of waste places in Britain[17].
Range Europe - Mediterranean.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Phalaris canariensis Canary Grass, Annual canarygrass


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Phalaris_canariensis0.jpg
Phalaris canariensis Canary Grass, Annual canarygrass
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Phalaris_canariensis.jpg

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Phalaris canariensis is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 6. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Plant Habitats

 Bog Garden; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Seed
Edible Uses:

Seed - cooked. Widely grown as a food for caged birds, the seed is rather small but can also be used as a cereal for making porridge etc[2]. It can be ground into a flour and used for making cakes, puddings etc[2, 22, 46, 61, 74, 115]. Leaves - cooked[106]. The young plant is used[177].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

An easily grown plant, succeeding in an ordinary garden soil[1]. It is tolerant of most conditions, dry or wet[200]. Cultivated for its seed which is commonly used in wild bird food mixes[1].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Seed - sow spring in situ[162].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Phalaris arundinaceaCanary Grass, Reed canarygrass, Gardener's Garter Grass, Ribbon GrassPerennial1.5 4-9 FLMHSNDMWe004
Phalaris minorSmall Canary Grass, Littleseed canarygrassAnnual1.2 5-9  LMHNMWe100

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

50200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

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