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Papaver orientale - L.

Common Name Oriental Poppy
Family Papaveraceae
USDA hardiness 3-9
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been found for this plant, many species in this genus are toxic to mammals, though the toxicity, at least when grown in Britain, is low.
Habitats Meadows, usually in sub-alpine zones, but also on stony slopes in the lower mountain zone[74].
Range W. Asia - Armenia, N.E. Iran, Turkey.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Papaver orientale Oriental Poppy


Papaver orientale Oriental Poppy
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Radomil

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Orange, Pink, Purple, Red, White. Main Bloom Time: Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Irregular or sprawling.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Papaver orientale is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.8 m (2ft 7in) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The plant is self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

P. bracteatum. Lindley.

Plant Habitats

 Meadow; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment

The young seed heads are used as a condiment, they are hot and acrid[2, 105, 183]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Diaphoretic

The petals are sudorific[240].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Attracts Wildlife

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Alpine garden, Container, Foundation, Rock garden, Specimen, Woodland garden. Prefers a well-drained sandy loam in a sunny position[1, 200]. Succeeds in an ordinary good soil[111, 200] and in dry soils, tolerating drought when established[190]. Plants prefer a deep soil that is poor and dry rather than rich, they dislike moist conditions[233]. Plants can be grown in quite coarse grass, which can be cut annually in the autumn[233]. A deep-rooting and almost indestructible plant, every scrap of the running root system that is left in the ground can grow into a new plant[190, 233]. There are many named varieties selected for their ornamental value[187, 200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[233]. A good bee plant[108]. Special Features: Attractive foliage, All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Plant Propagation

Seed - sow June in an outdoor seedbed. Plant into permanent positions in September. Seed can also be sown in spring and may then flower in late summer. Division in March or October with care[200]. Another report suggests that division is very simple[190]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer. Root cuttings 10cm long, November/December in a cold frame[111].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

74200

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Subject : Papaver orientale  
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