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Frasera caroliniensis - Walter.

Common Name American Columbo
Family Gentianaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry soils[235].
Range Eastern N. America - New York to Ontario and Wisconsin, south to Georgia and Tennessee.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Frasera caroliniensis American Columbo


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Frasera caroliniensis American Columbo
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 3: 15.

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Frasera caroliniensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 2.5 m (8ft 2in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. It is in flower from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Swertia caroliniensis

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Bitter  Cathartic  Emetic  Poultice  Stimulant  Tonic

The powdered plant is applied externally to ulcers as a poultice[207]. The plant is a feeble simple bitter[207]. The root is cathartic, emetic, stimulant and tonic[4, 207, 212]. When dried it is a simple bitter that can be used as a digestive tonic in a similar way to gentian root (Gentiana spp), but the fresh root is cathartic and emetic[4]. The root is used in the treatment of dysentery, stomach complaints and a lack of appetite[257]. It should be harvested in the autumn of its second year, or the spring of its third year[4].

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Requires a moist but well-drained position and a stony peaty soil[1, 200]. Requires an acidic soil[200]. Plants are hardy to at least -12°c[200]. Plants can be grown in a woodland garden[200].

References

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse[200]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in late winter[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Frasera speciosaGreen Gentian, ElkweedBiennial/Perennial1.5 3-7  LMSNM12 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

Walter.

Botanical References

200235

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

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Subject : Frasera caroliniensis  
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