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Digitaria ciliaris - (Retz.)Koeler.

Common Name Southern Crab Grass, Southern crabgrass
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Waste ground and cultivated fields all over Japan[58].
Range Cosmopolitan in warmer areas of the world.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Digitaria ciliaris Southern Crab Grass, Southern crabgrass

Digitaria ciliaris Southern Crab Grass, Southern crabgrass


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Physical Characteristics

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Digitaria ciliaris is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 8. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


D. marginata. Link. Panicum adscendens.

Plant Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

One report says the plant is edible but does not specify which part[145]. A wild millet grass with possibly edible seeds [1b].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses


Fodder/animal feed, Forage. Environmental: Agroforestry, Soil conservation. D. ciliaris cv. Red River is a high-yielding forage and conservation-type cultivar developed and released in 1988 [1d].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

A polymorphic species[58].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Plant Propagation


Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Bamboo grass; blanket crabgrass; hairy crabgrass; Henry's crabgrass; large crabgrass; smooth crabgrass; summergrass; tropical finger grass. Spanish: frente de toro; fresadilla; hierba conejo; hierba estival; pangola; zacate de agua. Chinese: xian mao ma tang. Australia: crab grass; summer grass. Bhutan: chittrey banso; tampula. Brazil: capim tinga; capim-colchao; capim-de-roça; capim-milhá; milhá. Dominican Republic: grama dulce cimarrona; pata de cotorra; pendejuelo. Germany: aufsteigende fingerhirse; wimper- fingerhirse. India: malsa; malsh; suruwari. Indonesia: jampang jemprak; jampang pait; suket djrempak; sunbak gangrir. Japan: mehishiba. Java: genjeran; jelamparan; suket ceker ayam. Malaysia: cakar ayam. Mexico: zacate cangrejo; zacate velludo. Peru: gramilla; pasto colchón; pata de gallo. Philippines: baludyangan; saka-saka. Puerto Rico: pata de gallina; yerba de juey. Sri Lanka: arisi pul; guru tana. Thailand: jya-ma-tang; yah-tin-nok; ya-plongkhanok. Vietnam: tuc hinh leo.

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Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Australian Northern Territory, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Amazonas, Bahia, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, British Virgin Islands, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Anhui, China, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang, Colombia, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, CÙte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, French Guiana, Gambia, Georgia (Republic of), Germany, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, India, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Korea DPR, Korea Republic of, Laos, Latvia, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, UK, Ukraine, Uruguay, Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant can be weedy or invasive. D. ciliaris is a typical weedy annual grass, flourishing mainly in disturbed, open areas, with full sun or partial shade. It is a widespread weed of annual and perennial crops, including pastures, in the tropics and sub-tropics. It is also abundant on roadsides and wasteland [1d]. Listed as a serious or principal weed of 11 countries, mainly in Asia and in a wide range of crops, including groundnut, cotton, rice, maize, sorghum, vegetables, pineapple, cassava and tea [1d].

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Digitaria sanguinalisCrab Grass, Hairy crabgrassAnnual0.5 6-9 FLMNM212

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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