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Crinum asiaticum - L.

Common Name Asian Poison Bulb
Family Amaryllidaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards The bulb is said to be poisonous[270].
Habitats Introduced and locally naturalised in wet places in Florida and Louisiana[270].
Range E. Asia - China, Burma, Vietnam.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Crinum asiaticum Asian Poison Bulb


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Crinum asiaticum Asian Poison Bulb
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of bulb
Crinum asiaticum is a BULB growing to 1.2 m (4ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from June to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Emetic  Poultice

The bulb contains alkaloids, notably lycorine and crinamine[283]. A poultice made from the heated, pounded, fresh bulb is used to relieve osteodynia and rheumatism[283]. The juice of the fresh bulb is used as an emetic, whilst it is also instilled in the ear to treat otis[283]. A poultice of the heated, pounded, fresh leaves is used to treat contusions, sprains, fractures, luxations etc[283]. A decoction of the dried leaves is used as a wash in the treatment of haemorrhoids[283].

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Scented Plants

References

Cultivation details

Prefers a deep, well-drained but moisture-retentive fertile soil that is rich in organic matter[200]. The bulbs must have sufficient moisture during the growing season[200]. Plants are not very cold hardy, tolerating occasional lows down to about -5°c[200]. In regions at the limits of their cold hardiness, they are best given the protection of a south or southwest facing wall. Plant the bulbs shallowly, with the neck of the bulb at soil level, and give a protective mulch of bracken or compost in the winter[200]. A robust and very variable species[270]. Bulbs are sensitive to transplanting and can take several years to become established. After this, they will usually reproduce rapidly from offsets to produce the overcrowded conditions that stimulate them to flower freely[200].

References

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, placing 2 - 3 seeds in individual pots in a greenhouse. Do not cover the seed. Sow stored seed April/May in a warm greenhouse. Once they have germinated, you can thin each pot to just one plant if required, though we have not found this to be necessary. Give an occasional liquid feed to ensure that the plants do not suffer nutritional deficiencies. Grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first 2 years, planting them out into their permanent positions in the spring. Division of offsets in April/May or in September. When divided in the spring, the bulbs can be planted out direct into their permanent positions, if done in September, however, they should be potted up and overwintered in the greenhouse.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Cardiocrinum cordatum Bulb1.8 6-9  LMHSM20 
Cardiocrinum giganteum Bulb1.8 6-9  LMHSM01 
Crinum bulbispermumHardy swamplilyBulb1.0 5-9  LMNM10 
Crinum flaccidumMurray LilyBulb0.6 9-11  LMNM20 
Leucocrinum montanumSand Lily, Common starlilyPerennial0.2 5-9  LMHNM11 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

dubeyankush@sify.com   Sat Dec 17 2005

SIR I AM WORKING ON THIS PLANT PLASE IF YOU HAVE ANY DITALE INFORMATION AVOUT ITS BULB PLEASE SAND ME DETLAS

DR.ANKUSH DUBEY.dubeyankush@sify.com   Mon Feb 20 2006

SIR I AM CUNFUSED AVOUT C. ASIATICUM BULB IS IT AVOBE THE SOIL OR IN SID PLZ.CLEAR THE DOUGHT AS SOON AS AS POSSIVEL.SOM SAYS THAT IT IS AVOBE THE SOIL UP TO 1.5 METTERS LONG.AND ALSO CONFERM ME ITS ROOT PART.THANKS.

C Kalpana,M.Sc.(Botany)   Tue Jul 24 2007

I grew this plant in my house in Hyderabad,India.Luckily the soil suited the plant. It flowered first time 3 years after planting.The foliage and the inflorescence are excellent .I am now able to identify this plant after seeing your web-site. I am happy for this and thank you.

dr. ankush dubey   Mon Jul 14 2008

my self dr. ankush dubey very happy to see our research topic on this page .i hope in future you may find out my orignal wark which is depogeted in G.A.U. jamnager.

yahoo c.asiaticum

Myat Chaw Su   Sun Sep 14 2008

Dear Sir, I made the Research that the bulb(rhizome) of Crinum asiaticum var. japonicum Linn. for in vitro antimalarial activity. It had the significant antimalarial activity. So, I want to give the information about it. But I want to know the melting point of its alkaloids. Thank you. I will be happy if you 'll take care of my letter.

NATARAJ   Fri Oct 23 2009

SIR I AM WORKING ON THIS PLANT PLASE IF YOU HAVE ANY DITALE INFORMATION AVOUT ITS BULB OR WHOLE PLANT PLEASE SAND ME DETLAS

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Subject : Crinum asiaticum  
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