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Clematis flammula - L.

Common Name Fragrant Virgin's Bower, Fragrant clematis
Family Ranunculaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards All parts of the plant are poisonous, the toxic principle is dissipated by heat or by drying[65].
Habitats Hedges, thickets and waste places[89].
Range S. Europe. An infrequent casual in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Clematis flammula Fragrant Virgin


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Clematis flammula Fragrant Virgin
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Cedric.lacrambe

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Clematis flammula is a deciduous Climber growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in leaf from March to December, in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen from October to January. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Ground Cover;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves
Edible Uses:

Young shoots - cooked[2, 105, 177]. Some caution is advised due to reports of toxicity[K].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Plants can be grown as ground cover, planted about 1.2 metres apart and allowed to scramble over the ground[208].

Special Uses

Ground cover  Scented Plants

References

Cultivation details

Prefers a deep moist well-drained soil with its roots in the shade[182, 200]. Dislikes poorly-drained heavy clay soils, but grows well in clay if grit is added for drainage[11, 200]. Dislikes light sandy soils[11]. Does well on chalk[1]. Succeeds in acid as well as alkaline soils[200]. Thrives in exposed positions[182]. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[202]. A twining plant[182], it is fast growing[202]. The leafstalks wrap themselves around twigs and branches for support. When a side of the stalk touches an object, the growth on that side slows down whilst the other side grows at its normal rate - this causes the leaf stalk to entwine the object it is touching[212]. When planting out, in order to avoid the disease 'clematis wilt', it is best to plant the rootball about 8cm deeper in the soil. This will also serve to build up a good root crown of growth buds[200]. A very ornamental plant[1], the flowers are very fragrant[202]. They have a pronounced smell of meadowsweet, almost too powerful when inhaled close-up[245]. They are produced on the current season's growth and so any pruning of the plant is best carried out in the spring before new growth begins[219]. Plants rarely produce fertile seed in Britain[219]. A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[54]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233]. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[88, 200].

References

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[164, 200]. Sow stored seed as soon as it is obtained in a cold frame. Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and remove as much of the tail and outer coat as possible[164]. A period of cold stratification is beneficial[164]. The seed germinates in 1 - 9 months or more at 20°c[164]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Internodal cuttings of soft to semi-ripe wood, late spring in sandy soil in a frame[200]. Cuttings of half-ripe inter-nodal cuttings, June/July in a frame[202]. Layering of old stems in late winter or early spring[200]. Layering of current seasons growth in early summer[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Clematis alternata Climber4.0 -  LMHSNM01 
Clematis apiifolia Climber5.0 6-9 FLMHSNM12 
Clematis barbellata Climber4.0 -  LMHSNM02 
Clematis brachyura Climber1.0 5-9  LMHSNM10 
Clematis buchananiana Climber6.0 6-9 FLMHSNM12 
Clematis chinensisWei Ling XianClimber5.0 5-9  LMHSNM12 
Clematis columbianaRock ClematisClimber3.0 4-8  LMHSNM01 
Clematis connata Climber7.0 5-9 FLMHSNM01 
Clematis douglasiiHairy ClematisPerennial0.6 5-9  LMHSNM01 
Clematis ianthina Climber4.0 4-8  LMHSNM10 
Clematis ligusticifoliaWhite Clematis, Western white clematis, California clematis,Climber5.0 4-8  LMHSNM02 
Clematis mandschurica Perennial1.2 6-9  LMHSNM02 
Clematis microphyllaHeadachevineClimber3.0 8-11  LMHSNM01 
Clematis orientalisOriental virginsbowerClimber4.0 5-9  LMHSNM011
Clematis patens Climber4.0 5-9  LMHSNM10 
Clematis pierotii Climber3.0 5-9  LMHSNM10 
Clematis rectaGround virginsbowerPerennial Climber1.5 3-7  LMHNM11 
Clematis serratifolia Climber3.0 5-9  LMHSNM10 
Clematis ternifloraSennin-So, Sweet autumn virginsbower, Sweet Autumn Clematis, Fall ClematisPerennial Climber5.0 5-9 FLMHSNM111
Clematis tibetana Climber4.0 5-9  LMHSNM02 
Clematis trichotoma Climber5.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Clematis vitalbaTraveller's Joy, Evergreen clematisClimber15.0 4-8 FLMHSNM121

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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