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Cirsium ochrocentrum - A.Gray.

Common Name Yellow Spined Thistle
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry slopes, 1500 - 3000 metres in California[71]. Sandy or rocky prairies and roadsides[274].
Range South-western N. America - California to Texas and Nebraska.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Cirsium ochrocentrum Yellow Spined Thistle


Clarence A. Rechenthin @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Cirsium ochrocentrum Yellow Spined Thistle
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 3: 551.

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Cirsium ochrocentrum is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies), beetles. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Oil  Root  Stem
Edible Uses: Oil

Root - cooked[61, 105, 177, 213, 257]. The root is likely to be rich in inulin, a starch that cannot be digested by humans. This starch thus passes straight through the digestive system and, in some people, ferments to produce flatulence[K]. Stem[61, 105, 177]. No further details are given, but it is probably best if peeled.

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Contraceptive  Diaphoretic  Diuretic  Hypoglycaemic  Skin  VD

The entire plant is diaphoretic and diuretic[257]. It is infused overnight in cold water and the water is then drunk in the treatment of syphilis[207]. A liquid from the boiled blossoms has been used to treat burns and skin sores[213, 257]. A decoction of the root has been taken by both partners as a contraceptive[257]. It has also been taken five times a day in the treatment of diabetes[257].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Oil

The seed of all species of thistles yields a good oil by expression[4]. No details of potential yields etc are given[K].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in many parts of this country. This spcies is a short-lived perennial, and is often biennial[274]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. An easily grown plant, succeeding in any ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[200].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°c[164]. Division in spring or autumn.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Yellowspine thistle

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Native to the Great Plains of the Central United States and to the desert regions of the western United States and northern Mexico. Its range extends from eastern Oregon east to the Black Hills of South Dakota, south as far as the Mexican State of Durango.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant can be weedy or invasive. It is a weed in California and Northwestern Mexico. Know as a noxious Weed in: Arkansas, California and Iowa, USA

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

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Cirsium brevicaule Perennial1.0 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium brevistylumIndian Thistle, Clustered thistlePerennial1.8 0-0  LMHSNM30 
Cirsium buergeri Perennial1.8 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium chinense Perennial0.8 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium coreanum Perennial0.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Cirsium dipsacolepis Perennial1.0 -  LMHNM10 
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Cirsium eduleEdible ThistlePerennial2.0 6-9  LMHNM30 
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Cirsium hookerianumWhite ThistlePerennial1.5 -  LMHNM20 
Cirsium japonicumNo-Azami, Japanese thistleBiennial/Perennial0.9 5-9  LMHNM222
Cirsium kamtschaticumKamchatka thistlePerennial1.8 0-0  LMHNM10 
Cirsium lepskyle Perennial0.0 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium lineare Perennial1.0 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium maackii Perennial1.0 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium maritimum Perennial0.4 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium nipponicum Perennial1.5 -  LMHNM11 
Cirsium occidentaleCobwebby Thistle, Snowy thistle, Compact cobwebby thistlePerennial1.0 8-11  LMHNDM202
Cirsium oleraceumCabbage ThistlePerennial1.2 -  LMHSNMWe20 
Cirsium oligophyllum Perennial1.0 -  LMHNM20 
Cirsium pallidumPale ThistlePerennial0.0 -  LMHNM11 
Cirsium palustreMarsh ThistleBiennial1.5 4-8  LMHSNMWe20 
Cirsium pectinellum Perennial1.5 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium pendulum Biennial1.8 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium purpuratum Perennial1.0 -  LMHNM10 
12

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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