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Bryonia dioica - Jacq.

Common Name Red Bryony, Cretan bryony
Family Cucurbitaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards All parts of the plant are poisonous[7, 65]. One report says it is very toxic[10], another says it is of very low toxicity[76]. The fresh root is a severe skin irritant[238].
Habitats Scrub and woodland, especially on well-drained soils, avoiding acid soils[7, 17].
Range Central and southern Europe, including Britain, to N. Africa and W. Asia.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Bryonia dioica Red Bryony, Cretan bryony


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bryonia_dioica_Sturm64.jpg
Bryonia dioica Red Bryony, Cretan bryony
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benutzer:Botaurus

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Bryonia dioica is a PERENNIAL CLIMBER growing to 3.5 m (11ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from May to June. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Bees. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

B. cretica dioica. (Jacq.)Tutin.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Hedgerow;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves
Edible Uses:

Young shoots - must be cooked[2, 105]. They are eaten in spring. Caution is advised in the use of this plant, see the notes above regarding toxicity.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Cathartic  Cytotoxic  Diaphoretic  Expectorant  Hydrogogue  Irritant  Pectoral  Purgative  
Vermifuge

A powerful cathartic and purgative, bryony is used with great caution in present-day herbalism[254]. It is primarily prescribed for painful rheumatic conditions[254]. The root is cathartic, cytotoxic, diaphoretic, expectorant, hydrogogue, irritant, pectoral, purgative and vermifuge[4, 9, 19, 21, 46, 165]. It is used in small quantities internally in the treatment of various inflammatory conditions, bronchial complaints, asthma, intestinal ulcers, hypertension and arthritis[238]. Externally, it is applied as a rubefacient to muscular and joint pains and pleurisy[238]. The root, which can be 75cm long and 75mm thick[268], can be used fresh at any time of the year[7], it can also be harvested in the autumn and be dried for later use[4]. This plant should be used with great caution and only under the supervision of a qualified practitioner. See the notes above on toxicity. The whole herb has an antiviral effect[254].

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Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

A rapid grower, it is of easy cultivation succeeding in most soils that are well drained[1], avoiding acid soils in the wild[17]. Prefers a sunny position[238]. A very deep-rooted climbing plant[7], attaching itself to other plants by means of tendrils[4]. The plant is not eaten by rabbits[17]. Plants can be easily encouraged by scattering ripe seed along the base of hedgerows[200]. Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if seed is required[200].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Sow stored seed in late winter in a cold frame. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in early spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Expert comment

Author

Jacq.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

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