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Bidens tripartita - L.

Common Name Burr Marigold, Threelobe beggarticks
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Ditches, pond and lake margins, sides of streams etc[17].
Range Most of Europe, including Britain, north to 63°, east to W. Asia.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Bidens tripartita Burr Marigold, Threelobe beggarticks


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bidens_tripartita.jpg
Bidens tripartita Burr Marigold, Threelobe beggarticks
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bidens_tripartita_003.jpg

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Bidens tripartita is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, hover-flies.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Bog Garden; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Young leaves - cooked[105, 177, 183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiseptic;  Aperient;  Astringent;  Diuretic;  Emmenagogue;  Febrifuge;  Narcotic;  Sedative;  
Styptic.

Burr marigold is little used as a medicine nowadays, but it was once esteemed for its styptic properties being used to quickly staunch blood flow - it was often used to treat uterine haemorrhage and conditions producing blood in the urine[254]. The whole plant is antiseptic, aperient, astringent, diuretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, narcotic, sedative, styptic and sudorific[4, 61, 165, 218]. It is an excellent remedy for ruptured blood vessels and bleeding of any kind, and is of benefit to people with consumption[4]. It is used internally to treat bladder and kidney problems, blood in the urine, uterine bleeding, ulcerative colitis and peptic ulcers[238, 254]. Externally, it is used in the treatment of alopecia[238]. It is usually combined with a carminative herb such as ginger when used to treat digestive tract ailments[254]. The plant is harvested as it comes into flower and is dried for later use[238].

Other Uses

Dye;  Repellent.

Yields a black dye[178]. The part of the plant that is used is not specified. The burning herb repels insects and flies[268]. The flowers yield a yellow dye of indifferent quality when alum is used as a mordant[4, 115, 268].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any moderately fertile damp to wet soil in full sun[200, 238]. The flowering heads smell like rosin or cedar when they are burnt[4]. The seed coats have reflexed prickles which allow them to adhere to clothing, animal fur etc[4]. When growing on the edge a pond, these seeds have been known to kill goldfish by adhering to their gills[4].

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ during early spring and only just cover the seed. So long as the soil does not dry out, the seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 weeks at 15°c[134].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Bidens aureaArizona beggarticks10
Bidens bigeloviiBigelow's beggarticks10
Bidens bipinnataSpanish Needles22
Bidens biternata 01
Bidens frondosaBeggar Ticks, Devil's beggartick12
Bidens parviflora 11
Bidens pilosaBeggar's Ticks, Blackjack, Hairy beggarticks22

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

nataliya   Thu May 3 2007

i would like to buy seeds of this plant. where can i buy it from?

Ken Fern, Plants for a Future   Tue May 8 2007

There are probably several suppliers, but the one that I know of is B&T World Seeds at http://www.b-and-t-world-seeds.com/

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