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Bidens tripartita - L.

Common Name Burr Marigold, Threelobe beggarticks
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Ditches, pond and lake margins, sides of streams etc[17].
Range Most of Europe, including Britain, north to 63°, east to W. Asia.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Bidens tripartita Burr Marigold, Threelobe beggarticks


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bidens_tripartita.jpg
Bidens tripartita Burr Marigold, Threelobe beggarticks
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bidens_tripartita_003.jpg

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Bidens tripartita is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 6. It is in flower from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, hover-flies.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Plant Habitats

 Bog Garden; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves
Edible Uses:

Young leaves - cooked[105, 177, 183].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

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Antiseptic  Aperient  Astringent  Diuretic  Emmenagogue  Febrifuge  Narcotic  Sedative  
Styptic

Burr marigold is little used as a medicine nowadays, but it was once esteemed for its styptic properties being used to quickly staunch blood flow - it was often used to treat uterine haemorrhage and conditions producing blood in the urine[254]. The whole plant is antiseptic, aperient, astringent, diuretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, narcotic, sedative, styptic and sudorific[4, 61, 165, 218]. It is an excellent remedy for ruptured blood vessels and bleeding of any kind, and is of benefit to people with consumption[4]. It is used internally to treat bladder and kidney problems, blood in the urine, uterine bleeding, ulcerative colitis and peptic ulcers[238, 254]. Externally, it is used in the treatment of alopecia[238]. It is usually combined with a carminative herb such as ginger when used to treat digestive tract ailments[254]. The plant is harvested as it comes into flower and is dried for later use[238].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Dye  Repellent

Yields a black dye[178]. The part of the plant that is used is not specified. The burning herb repels insects and flies[268]. The flowers yield a yellow dye of indifferent quality when alum is used as a mordant[4, 115, 268].

Special Uses

Scented Plants

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any moderately fertile damp to wet soil in full sun[200, 238]. The flowering heads smell like rosin or cedar when they are burnt[4]. The seed coats have reflexed prickles which allow them to adhere to clothing, animal fur etc[4]. When growing on the edge a pond, these seeds have been known to kill goldfish by adhering to their gills[4].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Seed - sow in situ during early spring and only just cover the seed. So long as the soil does not dry out, the seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 weeks at 15°c[134].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Bidens aureaArizona beggarticksPerennial1.0 7-10  LMHNM10 
Bidens bigeloviiBigelow's beggarticksPerennial0.8 0-0  LMHNM10 
Bidens bipinnataSpanish NeedlesAnnual1.0 0-0  LMHNM220
Bidens biternata Annual0.0 -  LMHNM01 
Bidens frondosaBeggar Ticks, Devil's beggartickAnnual1.5 0-0  LMHNM121
Bidens parviflora Annual0.6 -  LMHNM11 
Bidens pilosaBeggar's Ticks, Blackjack, Hairy beggarticksAnnual1.0 0-0  LMHNM221

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

nataliya   Thu May 3 2007

i would like to buy seeds of this plant. where can i buy it from?

Ken Fern, Plants for a Future   Tue May 8 2007

There are probably several suppliers, but the one that I know of is B&T World Seeds at http://www.b-and-t-world-seeds.com/

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