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Barbarea stricta - Andrz. ex Besser

Common Name Small-flowered winter-cress
Family Brassicaceae
USDA hardiness 3-10
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats Shores of stony and gravelly lakes, rivers and seas, ditches, damp paths, roadsides, meadows, and sometimes waste ground.
Range Europe to Asia. North America.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Barbarea stricta Small-flowered winter-cress

Barbarea stricta Small-flowered winter-cress


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Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Barbarea stricta is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 4 and is not frost tender. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Homotypic Synonyms: B. barbarea var. stricta (Andrz. ex Besser) MacMill. B. vulgaris subsp. stricta (Andrz. ex Besser) Arcang. B. vulgaris var. stricta (Andrz. ex Besser) A.Gray. Campe stricta (Andrz. ex Besser) W.Wight. Heterotypic Synonyms: B. palustris Hegetschw. B. parviflora Fr. B. planisiliqua Trautv. & C.A.Mey. Campe planisiliqua (Trautv. & C.A.Mey.) A.Heller. Crucifera stricta E.H.L.Krause

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

The leaves and flowers are edible but should be wild-harvested cautiously, as the plant can carry disease organisms such as giardia from contaminated water [2-4] .

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

A biennial or perennial herb often misidentified as garden yellow-rocket (Barbarea vulgaris). It is found on stony and gravelly lakes, rivers and seas, ditches, damp paths, and roadsides. Flowering time is June–July (Northern Hemisphere). The species favours nitrogenous soil and can grow on, for example, kelp banks. The Latin strictus means ‘upright, stiff.’

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation


Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Small-flowered winter-cress, Upright yellow-rocket, Winter cress

Native to: Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, Chita, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, Hungary, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Mongolia, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Romania, South European Russi, Sweden, Transcaucasus, Tuva, Ukraine, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This species has not yet been assessed for the IUCN Red List.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Barbarea australis Biennial/Perennial0.5 -  LMHSNM21 
Barbarea orthocerasAmerican YellowrocketPerennial0.5 0-0  LMHSNM200
Barbarea vernaLand Cress, Early yellowrocketBiennial0.3 5-9  LMHFSNM30 
Barbarea vulgarisYellow Rocket, Garden yellowrocketPerennial0.4 5-9  LMHSNM310

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Andrz. ex Besser

Botanical References

Links / References

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