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Aralia hispida - Vent.

Common Name Bristly Sarsaparilla
Family Araliaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rocky or sandy sterile soils, Alberta to Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Quebec[204].
Range Eastern and Central N. America - E. Canada to Virginia, west to Illinois and Minnesota.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Aralia hispida Bristly Sarsaparilla


http://plants.usda.gov/
Aralia hispida Bristly Sarsaparilla
http://flickr.com/photos/34259482@N00

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Aralia hispida is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Drink  Tea

A tea is made from the roots[183]. The roots are also used for making 'root beer'[183].

Medicinal Uses

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Alterative  Cardiac  Diaphoretic  Diuretic  Tonic

A tea made from the leaves is diaphoretic[222]. The root is alterative and tonic[257]. An infusion of the root has been used in the treatment of heart diseases[257]. The bark, and especially the root bark, is diuretic and tonic[4, 222]. A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh root[4]. It has alterative, diaphoretic and diuretic properties and is considered to be a good treatment for dropsy[4].

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Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Food Forest  Scented Plants

Cultivation details

Prefers a moderately fertile deep moisture-retentive well-drained loam and a position in semi-shade but also succeeds in a sunny position[200]. Requires a sheltered position[200]. Plants are hardier when grown on poorer soils[200]. This species is especially tolerant of poor dry soils[200]. Prefers an acid soil[184]. Dormant plants are hardy to at least -15°c[184, 200]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. The whole plant has an unpleasant smell[4]. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. A clumping plant, forming a colony from shoots away from the crown but with a limited spread [1-2]. The root pattern is suckering with new plants from underground runners away from the plant [1-2].

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed requires 3 - 5 months of cold stratification. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 4 months at 20°c[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse for at least their first winter. Once the plants are 25cm or more tall, they can be planted out into their permanent positions, late spring or early summer being the best time to do this. Root cuttings 8cm long, December in a cold frame[11, 78]. Store the roots upside down in sand and pot up in March/April. High percentage[78]. Division of suckers in late winter[11]. Very easy, the suckers can be planted out direct into their permanent positions if required.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Aralia chinensisChinese Angelica Tree, Pumila Spirea, Chinese AstilbeShrub3.5 4-8 MLMHFSM22 
Aralia continentalisManchurian SpikenardPerennial2.0 7-10  LMHFSM20 
Aralia cordataUdoPerennial1.8 7-10  LMHFSM42 
Aralia elataJapanese Angelica Tree, Angelica TreeTree6.0 4-8 MLMHSNM22 
Aralia mandschuricaManchurian Angelica TreeShrub3.5 4-8  LMHSNM22 
Aralia nudicaulisWild SarsaparillaPerennial0.4 4-8  LMHFSM43 
Aralia racemosaAmerican SpikenardPerennial1.8 4-8  LMHFSM33 
Aralia schmidtiiSakhalin SpikenardPerennial3.0 4-8  LMHFSM20 
Aralia spinosaHercule's Club, Aralia spinosa, American Angelica Tree, Hercules' Club, Devil's Walking StickTree9.0 5-9 SLMHFSM22 
Eleutherococcus chiisanensis Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNM20 
Eleutherococcus divaricatus Shrub3.5 5-9  LMHSNM20 
Eleutherococcus gracylistylusWu Jia PiShrub3.0 5-9  LMHSNM13 
Eleutherococcus innovansTaka-No-TsumeTree6.0 6-9  LMHNM10 
Eleutherococcus japonicus Shrub3.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Eleutherococcus senticosusSiberian GinsengShrub2.0 3-7 SLMHSNM25 
Eleutherococcus seoulensis Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus Shrub4.5 4-8  LMHSNM23 
Eleutherococcus sieboldianusUkogi, Five Leafed AraliaShrub3.0 4-8 SLMHSNM302
Eleutherococcus spinosus Shrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM22 
Eleutherococcus trifoliatus Shrub6.0 6-9  LMHSNM11 
Hedera helixIvy, English ivy, Algerian ivy, Baltic Ivy, Common IvyClimber15.0 5-11 MLMHFSNMWe030
Hedera nepalensisNepal IvyClimber15.0 7-10 MLMHFSNMWe02 
Kalopanax sciadophylloides Tree0.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Kalopanax septemlobusTree Aralia, Castor araliaTree25.0 4-8 SLMHSNM21 
Kirkophytum lyallii Perennial0.2 -  LMHSNM10 
Oplopanax horridusDevil's ClubShrub2.0 4-8  LMHFSM22 
Panax ginsengGinseng, Chinese ginsengPerennial0.8 5-9  LMHFSM25 
Panax japonicusJapanese GinsengPerennial0.6 -  LMHFSM11 
Panax pseudoginsengGinseng, Japanese ginsengPerennial1.0 5-9 SLMHFSM13 
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Author

Vent.

Botanical References

200204

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