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Achillea ptarmica - L.

Common Name Sneeze-Wort, Sneezeweed
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 3-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Damp meadows, marshes and by streams[17].
Range Europe, including Britain but excluding the Mediterranean, east to Siberia and W. Asia.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Achillea ptarmica Sneeze-Wort, Sneezeweed


Achillea ptarmica Sneeze-Wort, Sneezeweed
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utilisateur:Jeantosti

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Spreading or horizontal, Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Achillea ptarmica is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from June to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Plant Habitats

 Meadow;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves
Edible Uses:

Leaves - raw or cooked[17, 105, 177]. Used as a flavouring in salads[172].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

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Antidiarrhoeal  Antiemetic  Antiflatulent  Antirheumatic  Appetizer  Cardiac  Diaphoretic  Digestive  
Emmenagogue  Miscellany  Odontalgic  Sternutatory  Styptic

Cardiac, diaphoretic, digestive, emmenagogue, odontalgic, sternutatory, styptic[46, 172]. The leaf is chewed to relieve toothache[207].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Essential  Hair  Miscellany  Repellent

The dried, powdered leaves are used as a sneezing powder[61, 100]. Yields an essential oil that is used medicinally[100]. The report does not say what part of the plant the oil is obtained from, it is most likely to be the leaves harvested just before flowering[K]. The leaves are used as an insect repellent[172].

Special Uses

Food Forest  Scented Plants

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Rock garden, Seashore, Specimen. Succeeds in most soils but prefers a moist well-drained soil in a sunny position[1, 187]. Plants also succeed in partial shade[187]. Plants succeed in maritime gardens[233]. They live longer when growing in a poor soil[200]. The plant has a spreading root system and can be very invasive[233]. Hardy to at least -25°c[187]. There are some named varieties, selected for their ornamental value[233]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, Invasive, Naturalizing, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers, Suitable for dried flowers. The plant is heat tolerant in zones 8 through 1. (Plant Hardiness Zones show how well plants withstand cold winter temperatures. Plant Heat Zones show when plants would start suffering from the heat. The Plant Heat Zone map is based on the number of "heat days" experienced in a given area where the temperature climbs to over 86 degrees F (30°C). At this temperature, many plants begin to suffer physiological damage. Heat Zones range from 1 (no heat days) to 12 (210 or more heat days). For example Heat Zone. 11-1 indicates that the plant is heat tolerant in zones 11 through 1.) For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a runner spreading indefinitely by rhizomes or stolons [1-2]. The root pattern is rhizomatous with underground stems sending roots and shoots along their length [1-2].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Plant Propagation

Seed - sow spring or early autumn in a cold frame[133]. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 3 months[133]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Division in spring or autumn. Very easy, the divisions can be planted direct into their permanent positions. Basal cuttings of new shoots in spring. Very easy, collect the shoots when they are about 10cm tall, potting them up individually in pots and keeping them in a warm but lightly shaded position. They should root within 3 weeks and will be ready to plant out in the summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Faroe Islands, United Kingdom (U.K.), Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Austria, Belgium, Switzerland, Czech, Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Russian Federation-European part, European part, Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy (north), Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia, Spain (north), France,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Achillea ageratumMace, Sweet-nancyPerennial0.6 6-9  LMHNDM20 
Achillea erba-rotta moschataMusk MilfoilPerennial0.2 5-9  LMHNDM02 
Achillea millefoliumYarrow, Boreal yarrow, California yarrow, Giant yarrow, Coast yarrow, Western yarrow, Pacific yarrowPerennial0.6 4-8 FLMHSNDM344
Achillea santolina Perennial0.3 -  LMHNDM011
Achillea sibiricaSiberian YarrowPerennial0.5 5-9  LMHNDM11 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

David Stephenson   Tue Oct 28 2008

Loved by tortoises

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