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Ulmus macrocarpa - Hance.

Common Name
Family Ulmaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Sunny dry rocky mountain slopes in W. China[109]. Mixed forests, slopes, valleys at elevations of 700 - 800 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Ulmus macrocarpa


©Bruce Marlin
Ulmus macrocarpa

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Ulmus macrocarpa is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft 10in).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Plant Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Leaves
Edible Uses:

Leaves - raw or cooked. The fruits are eaten in sauces. An emergency food, they are only used when all else fails[177].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Anthelmintic  Antidote  Astringent  Digestive  Parasiticide  Parasiticide  Skin

The seed is anthelmintic, antidote, digestive, febrifuge, parasiticide, skin[178, 218]. The bark contains tannins. It is astringent and has antimicrobial activities[279]. It is used in the treatment of chronic diarrhoea and internal parasites]279].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Parasiticide  Parasiticide  Wood

Used externally on body parasites[178]. No more details.

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Prefers a fertile soil in full sun[188], but is easily grown in any soil of at least moderate quality so long as it is well drained[1]. This species is resistant to 'Dutch elm disease', a disease that has destroyed the greater part of all the elm trees growing in Britain. The disease is spread by means of beetles. There is no effective cure (1992) for the problem, but most E. Asian, though not Himalayan, species are resistant (though not immune) to the disease so the potential exists to use these resistant species to develop new resistant hybrids with the native species[200]. The various species of this genus hybridize freely with each other and pollen is easily saved, so even those species with different flowering times can be hybridized[200].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

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Plant Propagation

Seed - if sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe, it usually germinates within a few days[200]. Stored seed does not germinate so well and should be sown in early spring[200]. The seed can also be harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it dries on the tree) and sown immediately in a cold frame. It should germinate very quickly and will produce a larger plant by the end of the growing season[80]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Plants should not be allowed to grow for more than two years in a nursery bed since they form a tap root and will then move badly. Layering of suckers or coppiced shoots[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Ulmus alataWinged ElmTree15.0 6-9 FLMHSNM202
Ulmus americanaAmerican Elm, Gray Elm, Water ElmTree25.0 3-9 MLMHSNM223
Ulmus davidianaJapanese ElmTree15.0 4-8  LMHSNM201
Ulmus glabraWych Elm, Table-top Scotch Elm, Scotch ElmTree30.0 5-7 FLMHSNM322
Ulmus japonicaJapanese ElmTree35.0 4-8  LMHSNM211
Ulmus laciniata Tree10.0 4-8  LMHSNM20 
Ulmus parvifoliaChinese Elm, Lacebark ElmTree18.0 5-10 MLMHSNM212
Ulmus proceraEnglish ElmTree35.0 5-9 FLMHSNM323
Ulmus pumilaSiberian Elm, Hybrid elmTree15.0 4-9 FLMHSNDM223
Ulmus rubraSlippery ElmTree20.0 3-7 MLMHSNM253
Ulmus thomasiiRock ElmTree30.0 - SLMHSNM102
Ulmus villosaCherry Bark ElmTree25.0 4-8  LMHSNM102
Ulmus wallichiana Tree35.0 5-9  LMHSNM113

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

Hance.

Botanical References

11200266

Links / References

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Subject : Ulmus macrocarpa  
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