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Platanus orientalis - L.

Common Name Oriental Plane, Oriental planetree
Family Platanaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards In hot dry climates the hairs of the fruits and leaves are believed to cause an effect similar to hay fever[11, 200].
Habitats By rivers in forests in the hills[89].
Range S.E. Europe to W. Asia.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Platanus orientalis Oriental Plane, Oriental planetree

Platanus orientalis Oriental Plane, Oriental planetree


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Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Platanus orientalis is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 30 m (98ft) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 7. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from October to February. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


P. vulgaris.

Plant Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Astringent  Dysentery  Ophthalmic  Vulnerary

The leaves are astringent and vulnerary[7]. The fresh leaves are bruised and applied to the eyes in the treatment of ophthalmia[240]. A decoction is used to treat dysentery and a cream made from the leaves is used to heal wounds and chilblains[7]. The leaves are harvested in the spring and summer and can be dried for later use[7]. The bark is boiled in vinegar and then used in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery, hernias and toothache[240].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

The Bookshop: Edible Plant Books

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Other Uses

Dye  Wood

A fabric dye is obtained from the branches and roots[7]. The colour is not given[K]. Wood - tough, difficult to split, not durable. It is not esteemed for carpentry, but has certain advantages in cabinet making[7], it is also used for inlay work and wood pulp[46, 61, 89].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Requires a sunny position in a deep fertile well-drained soil[188]. A fast growing species, established plants are drought tolerant[200]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution and compacted soils[200]. This species is hardy in most areas of Britain but the trees do not do well in northern parts of the country, requiring hotter summers than are normally experienced there[98]. A very ornamental and very long lived tree[1]. It is immune to 'Plane tree wilt' fungus[11]. Very tolerant of root disturbance, trees up to 5 metres tall can be moved quite easily[200].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Seed - two months cold stratification improves germination[113]. Sow spring in a cold frame in light shade[78, 98]. Home grown seed is often of poor quality and low viability. It is best to harvest the seed in late winter or spring and then sow it immediately in a cold frame[80]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of mature wood of the current years growth, 20 - 30 cm with a heel, autumn in a cold frame[1]. Easy[200]. Layering of stools in spring or autumn. Takes 12 months[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore, Great Maple, Scottish Maple, Planetree MapleTree30.0 4-7 FLMHSNM214
Platanus occidentalisButtonwood, American sycamore, American Planetree, Sycamore, American SycamoreTree30.0 4-9 FLMHNMWe123

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Botanical References


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Readers comment

Marcelo De Almeida   Tue Nov 13 2007

I am an American living many years in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. The city i live in is called Petropolis, which is at an altitude of 3,000ft and for this reason was considered a place of botanic variety by the many aristocratic families of the 1800s, including the then king of Portugal and Brazil. Consequently, many London Planes exist and I am planting them all around my house. I do,however, believe that the Oriental Plane is possibly the most exotic, as the leaves are so deeply cut. My question is if there exists a possibility of someone who has a deeply lobed (Chanar) and would be interested in trading it for an exotic plant here from Brazil? Also some books say that Plane trees produce drinkable sap which can be boiled into syrup. Do you agree with this, and if so, how old does the tree have to be in order to collect the sap? Thankyou for your time. Sinceraly, Marcelo De Almeida. [email protected]

shirin ahmadi   Sun Apr 26 2009

I have been looking for this tree for a year since I moved to Suberb of Chicago, Just found out the name of this variety which I consider it a success! However no growers or nursery I have checked with carry Sycamore tree, apparently not an admired tree in this part of US?! I love this variety, if anyone knows a grower/nurser who sell it please send me the info, thanks a million.

nancy mohass   Sat May 30 2009

in Iran they make extract using the leaf to be used internaly, but i don't know what is the herbal benifit? does anyone know, please make a comment.

Masa R. Toguchi   Tue Jun 30 2009

My name is Masa from Everett,Washington. Please tell me if Platanus orientalis can transplant DURING THE MONTH OF JULY-AUGUST in hot air tempartures. Thank you very much. Masa

Haiyan Li   Thu Jul 16 2009

I was raised in Qingdao, China. This tree has been the major street trees in our beautiful coastal city. Now I live in Los Angeles. I wonder if this tree can grow well in this climate. I would like to plant one in front of our house. Where would I be able to buy this tree? Thanks a million.

Anupam Siddharth   Sat Nov 14 2009

Hey, i am in Delhi could you tell me if i can plant Platanus orientalis here if yes, then from where can i get the sappling ?

Thomas Skinfill   Tue Dec 15 2009

to Haiyan Lee; Here in LA Platanus orientalis will grow but without the colder winters, it never will look quite as good as other species of Plantanus more adaptable to warm climates, such as Platanus acerifolia-London Plane Tree, the native California Sycamore - Plat. racemosa, or Plat. wrightii- Arizona Sycamore. Orientalis is a beautiful tree however. T Skinfill - Landscape Architect.

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