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Morina longifolia - Wall.

Common Name Whorlflower
Family Morinaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Open slopes and alpine shrubberies, 3000 - 4000 metres[51].
Range E. Asia - Himalayas - Kashmir to Bhutan.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Morina longifolia Whorlflower


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
Morina longifolia Whorlflower
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Morina longifolia is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 6. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Moths. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Digestive  Emetic  Stomachic

The stem, leaves and flowers are used in Tibetan medicine, they are said to have a sweet and astringent taste with a heating potency[241]. They are digestive, emetic and stomachic, and are used in the treatment of stomach disorders such as indigestion giving rise to vomiting and nausea[241].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Essential  Incense

The plant is used as an incense[145, 240, 272]. The roots yield 0.34% essential oil[240].

Special Uses

Scented Plants

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Requires a fertile, humus-rich, moisture retentive but well-drained sandy or gritty soil in a sunny position[1, 111, 200]. It grows best with a little shade and shelter from high winds[1]. Prefers a slightly acid soil[175]. A very ornamental plant[1], the leaves are spicily aromatic[187]. A fairly easy plant to grow, though it tends to be short-lived[187]. It is hardy to about -17°c when growing in a perfectly drained soil[187, 200]. It grows best in the western side of Britain, sometimes succumbing to cold in the south-east of the country[233]. Requires protection from slugs[K]. The flowers open in the evening and are pollinated by moths. If pollination does not take place by morning then the top of the pistil curves over and effects self-pollination[211]. Resents root disturbance[200].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in individual pots to minimize disturbance to the tap root. Overwinter in a well ventilated cold frame[200]. Sow stored seed in early spring in a cold frame[111]. Plant out into their permanent positions in the summer when the plants are at least 15cm tall. Division in spring is possible but very difficult. Divided plants are often extremely slow to re-establish[200]. It is best carried out immediately after the plant flowers[188]. Root cuttings in individual pots in November. Plants are quick to produce foliage but slow to form roots. They are best left in pots for 12 months before planting out[175].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Native Plant Search

Search over 900 plants ideal for food forests and permaculture gardens. Filter to search native plants to your area. The plants selected are the plants in our book 'Plants For Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens, as well as plants chosen for our forthcoming related books for Tropical/Hot Wet Climates and Mediterranean/Hot Dry Climates. Native Plant Search

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Morina coulteriana Perennial1.0 5-9  LMSNM001

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

Wall.

Botanical References

51200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Pat Goodman   Mon Aug 24 2009

I have planted Morina Longifolia this year in June for the fist time and have not had any flowers?

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