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Melaleuca hypericifolia - (Salisb.)Sm.

Common Name Tea Tree
Family Myrtaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Usually on coastal headlands in wet soils, it is also found on moist ledges and cliffs on the Great Dividing range[152].
Range Australia - New South Wales, S. Queensland.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Melaleuca hypericifolia Tea Tree


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Melaleuca hypericifolia Tea Tree

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Melaleuca hypericifolia is an evergreen Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 3 m (9ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Hedge;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Anthelmintic  Antiseptic  Antispasmodic  Diaphoretic  Expectorant  Stimulant

An essential oil obtained from the fresh leaves and twigs is anthelmintic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, diaphoretic and highly stimulant[4]. It is used internally as a stimulating expectorant in laryngitis and bronchitis, as an antiseptic in cystitis and as an anthelmintic for round worms[4]. It is used externally to treat various skin infections[4]. It relieves headaches[152].

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Other Uses

Hedge  Hedge

Plants can be used for hedging in climates suitable for their growth[157].

Special Uses

Hedge  Hedge

Cultivation details

Requires a fertile, well-drained moisture retentive lime-free soil in full sun[182]. Prefers a soil that does not contain much nitrogen[188]. Succeeds in heavy shade and moist soils in Australian gardens but does not withstand heavy frosts[157]. Tolerates salt spray[157]. A very ornamental plant[1], but it can be difficult to establish[167] and is unlikely to be hardy in many areas of the country. Plants can tolerate temperatures down to about -5°c[260]. Seed takes about 12 months to develop on the plant, the woody seed capsules persist for 3 or more years[200]. Any pruning is best done after the plants have flowered with the intention of maintaining a compact habit[200]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - surface sow in spring or autumn onto a pot of permanently moist soil in a warm greenhouse. Emmerse in 5cm of water and do not water from overhead. Grow on until the seedlings are 0.5cm tall then remove from the water and pot up a week later. Seedlings are liable to damp off when grown this way, sowing the seed thinly, good ventilation and hygiene are essential for success[200]. Grow the plants on for at least their first winter in a greenhouse and then plant them out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Consider giving the plants some protection from the cold for their first few winters outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe lateral shoots with a heel, July/August in a frame[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Melaleuca alternifoliaTea TreeShrub6.0 8-11  LMHNM05 
Melaleuca bracteataRiver teatreeShrub6.0 0-0  LMHNM02 
Melaleuca leucadendraPaperbark, Weeping PaperbarkTree30.0 10-12 FLMHNM243
Melaleuca linariifoliaFlax-Leaved Paper-Bark, Cajeput treeShrub10.0 8-11  LMHNM03 
Melaleuca thymifoliaThymeleaf melaleucaShrub1.0 8-11  LMHNM02 
Melaleuca uncinataBroom honeymyrtleShrub2.0 0-0  LMHNDM01 

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Salisb.)Sm.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

dr. Venugopal   Mon Dec 18 2006

I am happy to find such information related to Melaleuca hypericifolia. As a palnt lover I personally appriciate the effort.

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