We have recently published ‘Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions’: i.e. tropical and sub-tropical regions. We rely on regular donations to keep our free database going and help fund development of this and another book we are planning on food forest plants for Mediterranean climates. Please give what you can to keep PFAF properly funded. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Inga cinnamomea - Spruce ex Benth.

Common Name Inga Assu, Inga Acu
Family Fabaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forests in riverine flood plains in both primary and secondary formations[416 , 625 ].
Range S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, French Guiana, Surinam.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Inga cinnamomea Inga Assu, Inga Acu


http://www.edibleplants.org
Inga cinnamomea Inga Assu, Inga Acu

 

Translate this page:

Summary

nga cinnamomea or commonly known as Inga assu is a fast-growing evergreen tree reaching up to 25 m in height, with an open crow and cylindrical bole of up to 60 cm in diameter. It can be found in South America, particularly in Brazil, Bolivia Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, French Guiana, and Surinam. The fruit is eaten raw. The tree is often used as a shade tree in plantations. It is a natural pioneer species and has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria which form root nodules and fix atmospheric nitrogen. The wood is coarse, light in weight, and used for scaffolding, temporary constructions, boxes, etc.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Inga cinnamomea is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Feuilleea cinnamomea (Spruce ex Benth.) Kuntze

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw[[416 ]. The seeds are covered in a dense, white aril that has a sweet flavour[416 ]. The fruit is a legume up to 30cm long and 8cm wide, containing 8 - 15 large seeds[416 ].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

The Bookshop: Edible Plant Books

Our Latest books on Perennial Plants For Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens in paperback or digital formats.

Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions: 250+ Plants For Tropical Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.
Edible Tropical Plants

Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions: 250+ Plants For Tropical Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.

More
Plants for Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.
Edible Temperate Plants

Plants for Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.

More
PFAF have eight books available in paperback and digital media.
More Books

PFAF have eight books available in paperback and digital formats. Browse the shop for more information.

Shop Now

Other Uses

Containers  Fuel  Pioneer  Wood

Agroforestry Uses: The tree is often used to provide shade in plantations, often by being left as the native forest is cleared[317 , 416 ]. A natural pioneer species within its native range, it is fast-growing and a popular food crop so should make an excellent pioneer for re-establishing woodland[K ]. Other Uses: The wood is coarse-textured, irregular to spiral-grained, light in weight, hard to cut, with a low resistance to rot[625 ]. It is used for scaffolding, temporary constructions, interior ornamental screens, boxes etc[625 ]. The wood is used for fuel[625 ].

Special Uses

Food Forest  Nitrogen Fixer

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Grows best in a sunny position[625 ]. Plants can withstand periodic inundation of the soil[625 ]. A fast-growing tree[625 ]. The branches are generally infested with boring ants[625 ]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[755 ].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

Shop Now

Plant Propagation

Seed - it needs to be sown as soon as possible once it is ripe. Sow in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. Germination rates are usually almost 100%, with the seed sprouting within 10 - 20 days[625 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Colombia; Bolivia, Plurinational State of; Ecuador; Peru; Brazil

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Annona vepretorumAraticum, Pinha da Caatinga, Araticum-da-bahiaTree6.0 10-12 SLMHND402
Archidendron jiringaJengkol, JiringaTree20.0 10-12 MLMHSNM422
Cacalia pseudo-taimingasa Perennial0.0 -  LMHFSM10 
Cyperus longusGalingalePerennial1.2 6-9 FLMHNMWeWa213
Drepanostachyum falcatumRingalBamboo3.5 7-10 SLMSM203
Guibourtia pellegrianaAkume, Bubinga, WakaTree25.0 10-12 SLMHNM004
Guibourtia tessmanniiBubinga, KevazingoTree50.0 10-12 SLMHNM004
Inga densifloraDensely flowered IngaTree15.0 10-12 MLMHNM402
Inga edulisIce Cream Bean, Monkey TamarindTree18.0 9-12 FLMHSNDMWe423
Inga insignisGuaba de zorroTree8.0 10-12 MLMHSNDM400
Inga jinicuilIce Cream Bean, JinicuilTree20.0 10-12 FLMHNM401
Inga veraIce cream bean, River koko, Guaba, Pois DouxTree15.0 10-12 FMHNM223
Microberlinia bisulcataZinganaTree35.0 10-12 FLMNM004
Microberlinia brazzavillensisZinganaTree35.0 10-12 FLMHNM004
Mimosa scabrellaabaracaatinga, bracaatinga, bracatingaTree10.0 10-12 FLMHNMWe004
Moringa oleiferaHorseradish Tree, Moringa,Tree8.0 10-12 FLMHN 445
Moringa peregrinaMoringaTree8.0 10-12 MLMHNDM223
Moringa stenopetalaAfrican horseradish tree, cabbagetreeTree9.0 10-12 MLMHSNDM434
Sphagneticola trilobataSingapore daisyPerennial0.4 9-11 FLMHSNDM022
Syringa josikaeaHungarian LilacShrub4.0 2-7 MLMHNM003
Syringa vulgarisLilac, Common lilacShrub6.0 3-7 MLMHNM113
Yushania ancepsRingalBamboo4.5 8-11  LMHFSNM002

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

Spruce ex Benth.

Botanical References

1

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

Readers comment

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Inga cinnamomea  
© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567.