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Eryngium yuccifolium - Michx.

Common Name Button Eryngo
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry to moist open woods, thickets and prairies[43].
Range Eastern N. America - Connecticut to Florida, west to Texas and Minnesota
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Eryngium yuccifolium Button Eryngo


Eryngium yuccifolium Button Eryngo
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:LlezErysimum capitatum

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Eryngium yuccifolium is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 4. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Plant Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Diaphoretic  Diuretic  Emetic  Expectorant  Febrifuge  Infertility  Sialagogue

The plant is diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic (in large doses), expectorant and febrifuge{46, 61]. A decoction of the roots has been found useful in cases of exhaustion from sexual depletion, with loss of erectile power, seminal emissions and orchitis[207]. A tincture of the roots is used in the treatment of female reproductive disorders[222]. The pounded roots are used as a diuretic[213]. An infusion of them is used to reduce fevers[213]. Chewing the root increases the flow of saliva[222]. The plant is used as an antidote to snakebites[257]. The roots are chewed and applied as a poultice to the bite[213, 274].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Requires a well-drained soil and a sunny position[1]. Prefers a light sandy soil but tolerates most soil types including lime and poor gravels[200]. Plants should be put in their final position whilst small since they resent root disturbance[200]. Where this species is found growing wild in N. America, it is an indicator of native prairie[274].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in early autumn on the surface of a well-drained compost in a cold frame[200]. The seed can also be sown in spring. It usually germinates in 5 - 90 days at 20°c. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in early spring or autumn. Take care since the plant resents root disturbance[200]. Root cuttings in autumn or winter[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Eryngium aquaticumButton Snakeroot, RattlesnakemasterPerennial1.2 5-9  LMNDM02 
Eryngium campestreField EryngoPerennial0.6 5-9  LMNDM22 
Eryngium caucasicum Perennial1.0 -  LMNDM01 
Eryngium creticumEryngoPerennial0.6 0-0  LMNDM11 
Eryngium graecum Perennial0.0 -  LMNDM20 
Eryngium maritimumSea Holly, Seaside eryngoPerennial0.5 4-8  LMNDM332
Eryngium pandanifolium Perennial2.5 7-10  LMNDM001
Eryngium planumPlains eryngo, Blue Cap, Eringoe, Eryngo, Flat Sea HollyPerennial0.7 5-9 MLMHNDM01 
Eryngium ternatum Perennial0.6 -  LMNDM01 
Eryngium viride Perennial0.0 -  LMNDM10 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

Michx.

Botanical References

43200

Links / References

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