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Cyathodes juniperina - (J.R.Forst.&G.Forst.)Druce.

Common Name
Family Epacridaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forest and scrub from the coast to the montane zone on North, South and Stewart Islands of New Zealand[44, 173, 200].
Range Australia - Tasmania and New Zealand.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Moist Soil Semi-shade
Cyathodes juniperina


Cyathodes juniperina

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Cyathodes juniperina is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft 7in) at a slow rate.It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[193]. Rather dry, it is only 76% water which is low for a fruit. It contains (dry weight) 3.1% protein, 18.3% sugar and 23.7 % lipids[173]. The fruit is about 7mm in diameter[200].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Requires a moist well-drained lime-free humus rich soil in a sheltered site in partial or dappled shade[11, 164, 200]. Succeeds in poor soils[193]. Plants are very susceptible to drought[200]. A good rock garden plant[11]. Slow growing. This species is not very hardy in Britain, it might succeed outdoors in the mildest areas of the country otherwise it is best grown in a cold greenhouse[200]. Plants grow best in areas with moderate winters and cool moist summers[200]. Plants have very fine root systems and great care must be taken when transplanting them. C. robusta is closely related to this species and is sometimes more generous with its small white fruits[182].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - surface sow in an ericaceous soil mix, February/March in a cold frame[164]. Do not exclude light[164]. Germination can take place within 1 - 2 months at 18°c but often takes as long as 3 - 5 years[200]. Scarification will reduce the germination time and 2 or 3 periods of 4 - 6 weeks cold stratification alternated with 4 weeks warm stratification can also help[175]. Perhaps sowing the seed as soon as it is ripe would also be beneficial[K].The seedlings can be very slow to form roots and need to be potted up with great care[200]. Grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first 2 growing seasons and, when large enough, plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Neither easy nor reliable[200]. Air layering[200]. Division of the plants as they come into growth in the spring. We have found it best not to dig up the main clump, but to tease out small divisions from the sides of the plant. Make sure that these are well rooted and pot them up in light shade in a greenhouse. Grow them on for their first summer in the greenhouse and plant them out in late spring, after the last expected frosts.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Native Plant Search

Search over 900 plants ideal for food forests and permaculture gardens. Filter to search native plants to your area. The plants selected are the plants in our book 'Plants For Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens, as well as plants chosen for our forthcoming related books for Tropical/Hot Wet Climates and Mediterranean/Hot Dry Climates. Native Plant Search

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Cyathodes colensoi Shrub0.3 7-10 SLMHSM203
Cyathodes fasciculata Shrub4.0 - SLMHSM20 
Cyathodes fraseri Shrub0.2 7-10 SLMHFSM203
Cyathodes glaucaCheese BerryShrub1.5 -  LMHSM10 
Cyathodes oxycedrus  0.0 -  LMHSNM00 
Cyathodes parvifloraPink Mountain BerryShrub1.0 - SLMHSM202
Cyathodes straminea Shrub0.0 - SLMHSM10 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

(J.R.Forst.&G.Forst.)Druce.

Botanical References

44200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

david nicholls   Sun May 28 01:52:21 2000

Possibly Sheep proof

Cyathodes species are one of only two native genus mentioned in the Encylopaedia of New Zealand (1966 editor A.H.Mclinock) as being avoided by sheep. This is a very respectable source but they don't specify any species, it's possible not all have this very rare gift.

(The other sheep-proof one is cassinia, Cottonwood, I can confirm this is virtually the only shrub growing on New Zealand sheepfarms,but it seems to have no other uses except cows don't seem mad on it either, it is probably too insubstantial for an animal barrior)

I have not tried to grow Cyathodes yet, it does not even seem to be very available or mentioned much in gardening books despite being a native here, I don't know why.

I'm going to look into it as a farm hedge.

david Nicholls New Zealand

Jemma Rethman   Wed Jul 9 04:16:38 2003

I honestly think that this plant is simply wonderful, I have a few trees in my garden and find them most attractive indeed.

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Subject : Cyathodes juniperina  
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