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Coriaria ruscifolia - L.

Common Name
Family Coriariaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards All parts of the plant, except the 'fruit' (actually the petals) are highly poisonous[61, 153, 173].
Habitats Not known
Range Southern S. America.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Coriaria ruscifolia


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Franz_Xaver
Coriaria ruscifolia
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Hans_Stieglitz

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Coriaria ruscifolia is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 8. It is in flower from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or used as a beverage[11, 46, 61, 105, 153]. The pressed fruit yields a very palatable juice, which is drunk raw or fermented into wine[2]. Use with great caution since most parts of the plant, including the seed[173], are very toxic and some reports suggest the fruit should not be used at all[11].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Dye

A black ink is obtained from the leaves, it can also be used as a dye[46, 139, 153]. The bark can also be used, it is rich in tannin.

Special Uses

Nitrogen Fixer

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Prefers a fairly good loamy soil in a sunny sheltered position[11, 164, 200. Succeeds in light shade[200]. This species is not very hardy in Britain, it tolerates temperatures down to about -5°c and succeeds outdoors from Sussex and westwards[200]. There is some confusion over the name of this species, some botanists unite this species with the New Zealand C. sarmentosa whilst others maintain that they are distinct[11, 200]. The roots of plants in this genus bear nitrogen-fixing nodules[218]. Whilst much of the nitrogen will be utilized by the growing plant, some of it will become available for other plants growing nearby[K].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - sow February/March in a greenhouse[78]. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 15°c[164]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Fair percentage[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Coriaria microphylla Shrub1.2 7-10  LMHSNM013
Coriaria myrtifoliaRedoulShrub1.8 7-10  LMHSNM003
Coriaria napalensis Shrub2.5 7-10  LMHSNM212
Coriaria sarmentosaTuhuShrub1.0 7-10  LMHNM202
Coriaria sinica Shrub5.0 7-10  LMHSNM21 
Coriaria terminalis Shrub1.2 7-10  LMHSNM20 
Rhus coriariaElm-Leaved Sumach, Sicilian sumacShrub3.0 8-11  LMHNDM212

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Coriaria Ruscifolia. Toot-berry Tupa-kihi or Tutu (New Zealand). N. O. Coriarieae (between Anacardiaceae and Rutaceae). Tincture or trituration of the berries. Clinical.-Delirium tremens. Mania. Memory lost. Vomiting. Characteristics.-Coriaria produces intoxication very like that of alcohol. Great muscular activity as in acute mania, requiring several persons to hold a person when under the influence of the drug. The most marked feature is complete loss of memory, which ensues after coming out of the acute stage of the poisoning. A prover who ate 1 1/2 gr. of the resin experienced the following: Disagreeable, irritating sensation in throat, extending to stomach, with pain across region of stomach, accompanied by nausea (in five min). In a quarter of an hour vomiting came on, continuing more or less for two hours. Very unpleasant sensations continued for two hours more, when, after great flushing of the face, with all but intolerable heat, the effects passed away.   Jan 11 2015 12:00AM

Coriaria Ruscifolia. Toot-berry Tupa-kihi or Tutu (New Zealand). N. O. Coriarieae (between Anacardiaceae and Rutaceae). Tincture or trituration of the berries. Clinical.-Delirium tremens. Mania. Memory lost. Vomiting. Characteristics.-Coriaria produces intoxication very like that of alcohol. Great muscular activity as in acute mania, requiring several persons to hold a person when under the influence of the drug. The most marked feature is complete loss of memory, which ensues after coming out of the acute stage of the poisoning. A prover who ate 1 1/2 gr. of the resin experienced the following: Disagreeable, irritating sensation in throat, extending to stomach, with pain across region of stomach, accompanied by nausea (in five min). In a quarter of an hour vomiting came on, continuing more or less for two hours. Very unpleasant sensations continued for two hours more, when, after great flushing of the face, with all but intolerable heat, the effects passed away.
Materia Medica

Corianin (1) and ellagic acid 3,3'-dimethylether (2) were obtained from the methanol extract of powdered fruits of Coriaria ruscifolia. Biological screening of both compounds and of the methanol extract revealed slight antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity.   Jan 11 2015 12:00AM

Corianin (1) and ellagic acid 3,3'-dimethylether (2) were obtained from the methanol extract of powdered fruits of Coriaria ruscifolia. Biological screening of both compounds and of the methanol extract revealed slight antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity.
pubmed

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