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Cnidium officinale - Makino.

Common Name
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been found for this plant, at least one member of this genus has a report of toxicity so some caution is advised for this species.
Habitats Not known
Range E. Asia - China.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Cnidium officinale


Cnidium officinale

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Cnidium officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). It is in flower in August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves
Edible Uses:

Young shoots - cooked. The report says that the shoots are edible after the bitterness is removed[177].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Analgesic  Antibacterial  Antiinflammatory  Antispasmodic  Febrifuge  Hypotensive  Sedative  Vasodilator


The root is analgesic, antibacterial, anticonvulsive, antiinflammatory, febrifuge, hypotensive, sedative and vasodilator[174, 176, 279]. It is used especially in the treatment of headaches[174] and also in the treatment of abnormal menstruation, dysmenorrhoea, amenorrhoea, cerebral embolism, weakness, pain and coronary heart disease[176, 279]. The root has an antibacterial action that inhibits the growth of E. coli, Bacillus dysenteriae, Pseudomonas, B. typhi, B. paratyphi, Vibrio cholerae and V. Proteus[176].

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in many parts of this country. One report from Japan says that it is cultivated there and grows best in the cooler parts of that country[174]. It is cultivated for medicinal use in Korea[279]. Judging by the plants native habitat it is likely to require a well-drained soil in a sunny position.

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Propagation

Seed - we have no details for this species but suggest sowing it as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Alternatively, sow stored seed in late winter in a cold frame. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Cnidium japonicum Biennial/Perennial0.2 -  LMNM10 
Cnidium monnieriShe Chuang Zi, Monnier's snowparsleyPerennial0.5 0-0  LMHSNM13 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

Makino.

Botanical References

279

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Soowon Cho   Thu May 1 13:17:56 2003

The common name of Cnidium officinale in Korea is Cheonkung.

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Subject : Cnidium officinale  
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